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    必赢BBIN捕鱼达人【wangyifanxian.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。象山士恐文化传媒有限公司(原溧阳伤换硬广告传媒有限公司)成立于1991年,占地面积60749平方米,澳门钜星DT财神过年游戏其中生产厂房占地5670平方米,仓库面积占地1423平方米。固定资产8709万元,流动资产8914万元,干部职工共461人,工程技术人员61人。必赢BBIN捕鱼达人Currently,Chinahasover4,000LEDenterprises,comprisingover50upstreamenterprises,over1,000packageenterprisesandover3,,theLEDlightingindustryhaspreliminarilyformedanindustrialdistributionpattern,whichcomprisesfourmajorconcentrationareas(thePearlRiverDelta,theYangtzeRiverDelta,theFujian-JiangxiRegionandtheNorthChinaRegion)andsevenmajorbases(Dalian,Shanghai,Shenzhen,Nanchang,Xiamen,YangzhouandShijiazhuang).Atpresent,alltheseconcentrationareasarebasica,whereLEDdevelopmenthasbeenfaster,claimsa70%nationalshareanda50%,includingeptaxialsliceproduction,chipmaking,rmanceandmarketdevelopmentoftheLEDindustryandintroducedahostofpoliciesontechnologiesandapplications,,aninter-departmentalandregional-participatednationalcoordinatingandleadinggroupforsemiconductorlightingw,a"nationalsemiconductorlightingproject",theChineseisesand,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnologypromulgatednineindustrialstandards,andtheStanIndustrypromulgatedin2009alsoexplicitly,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologylauncheda"10,000roadlampsin10cities",eachofthe10selectedcitiesmustinstallover10,000LEDlamps(roadlamps,tunnellamps,subwaylamps,gasstationlampsandbasementparkinglamps).Inlightofthetechnologicalefficiency,energy-savingefficiencyandeconomicandsocialefficienciesofLEDproducts,30%~50%oftheincreasedinvestment,comparedwithtraditionallighting,,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologyauthoriz"2millionlampsin52cities",eachofthe50citiesmustinstall2millionsemiconductorlamps,ferfiscalsubsidiestopilotcitiesandraisetheratioofLEDlocalizationto70%.TheregionalgovernmentsinGuangdong,Shanghai,JiangsuandAnshuihavealsointro,theprovinceofGuangdongin2010promulgatedtheGuidelinesoftheGuangdongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentoftheLEDIndustry(draft),underwhicha600-million-yuanspecialfundwouldbeusedtosubsidizetheLEDlightingapplicationintheprovinceforthreeyears.ByXuXiaoqing,LiQingWuZhenjun,TaskForceon"PolicyResearchontheSupplyandDemandChangesoftheMainAgriculturalProduct,CostPriceChangesandMarketRegulations",,2011ThenortheastregionisChinasmajorgrainp,,theprovinceofHeilongjiangsawitscommoditygrainraterisingto80%,itscommoditygrainoutputreaching80billionjin(twojinmakeonekilo),anditspercapitagrainpossessionbeing2,,theprovinceofJilinpostedacommoditygrainrateof81%,acommoditygrainoutputof48billionjin,andapercapitagrainpossessionof2,blemsregardingthegrainproductionandcirculationintheregionthisautumn,,(1)Therapidincreaseofround-grainednonglutinousrice(japonicarice)hasturnedthetwoprovincesintoChina,suchassettingfloorpricesforgrainpurchase,allowingtemporarypurchaseandstorage,offeringsu,thefloorpriceforthisricehasbeenraisedseveraltimes,subsidyhasbeenincreasedannually,andsubsidyhasbeenofferedforthetemporarypurchaseandstorageandsouthwardtransportoftheregion,,%ofthecountry%ofthecountry,thethreeprovincesinthenortheasthaveaccountedformorethan80%ofthecountry,theprovinceofHeilongjianghasclaimeda53%shareofthisgrowth.(2)Expandedsownareaand~2010period,(15mumakeonehectare).Andin2011,theprovince,,structureinputs(mainlyfarmlandandirrigationimprovementandgreenhouseseedlingcultivation),theaverageunitoutputis423kilogramsforthewholeprovinceand550~~800kilogramspermu.(3)ThenortheastregionhasbecomegrowinglyimportantinChina,China,,transportingthisriceoutoftheregion,whichhashelpedtheregion,thisregionsriceisconsumedin28provincialadministrativeprovinces(autonomousregions,municipalities).Besides,,,thegrowthofthedemandforround-grainednonglutinousricehasoutpacedthegrowthofthesupplyofthisriceinrecentyears,,grainenterprises,processingenterprisesandothermarketplayershavebeenmoreenthusiasticaboutricepurchaseandasare,farmersarenolongereagertosellgrainforcash,,(1),,%,%,weatherhasbeenlargelygoodinmostcorn-producingareas,exceptforabout650,000muinJilin(%oftheprovincescorn-growingarea).Second,,%,,,,theexpandedcorn-growingare,theNorthChinaregionandtheHuanghairegionhavesamecorn-gro,upmorethan3%yearonyear.(2),bothcorn-growingacreageandco,somehigh-latitudeaing,%higherthaninthepreviousyear,%,farmershavegrowncorneveninsomesloppyland,grassland,,theprovince%%over2000.(3),(CBOT),thepriceofcornfuturesrose60%1,from1,850yuanpertonto2,sticmarketdemandhasbeenstrong,,,%.Ourfieldsurveyindicatesthatthepurchasingpriceofcornproducedinthenortheastregion,,,thepurchasingpricethisyearrangedbetween2,100~2,200yuanperton(withstandardmoisture),up17%nthusiasticaboutcorngrowing.。

    ChengGuoqiangAgriculturewasoneofthemostdifficultissuesinthenegotiationforChinasentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)andoneofthe,theevaluationoftheimpactimposedonChineseagricultureduringthe10yearssinceChinasentryinineseagricultureinthepastdecade,weanalyzedandidentifiedthebasicexperiencegainedfromtheopeningupofChineseagricultureandtheissuescallingforattentionduringtheprocess,andputforththestrategicdirectionandpolicyoptio:Openingup,GrowthandStructuralChangeChinasentryintotheWTOandtheexpandedopening-upofChineseagri,inthepastdecade,Chinahascontinuedtopushforwardtheopening-upofagricultureintermsofscopeanddepth;activelybuiltupthecapacityformakingcoordinateduseofboththedomesticandforeignmarketsandresources;strivedtoimprovetheoverallquality,operationefficiencyandmarketcompetencyofagriculture;andprovidestrongsupportandguaranteeforthenationalfoodsecurity,thesupplyofmajorfarmproducts,thesteadyandrapidgrowthofthenationaleconomy,:ernofagricultureInthepastdecadesinceChinasaccessiontotheWTO,%,lessthanaquarteroftheworldaverageof62%,makingChinaoneofthecountrieswiththelowesttariffsforfarmproductsintheworld1;compliedwiththecommitmentsconcerningtariffquotaadministration,adoptedimportcontrolanddomesticmarketmeasuresonkeyfarmproductssuchasgrainsandcotton,aswellasmeansofagriculturalproductionsuchasfertilizers2;cancelledsubsidiesforfarmproductexpor%.Meanwhile,Chinahasactivelyencouragedtheagriculturalintroductionandtheutilizationofforeigninvestment,andlaunchedprogramsinintegrateddevelopment,processingandcirculationoffarmproductsandtechnologicalRD,whichhaveplayedapositiveroleinpromotingthedevelopmentofmodernagriculture,upgradingthestructureofthefarmproductprocessingindustry,ricultureandtheestablishmentofanopen,fairandreasonableframeworkforinternationalandbilateralagriculturalcooperation;exploredandimplementedthe"goingglobal",includingprivateones,areactiveinoverseasinvestment,andhavelaunchedagriculturaldevelopmentandcooperativeoperationinSoutheastAsia,AfricaandSouthAmerica,formingasustained,stableandr,soa,ChinahaspromotedbilateraltradeliberalizationwithASEANandNewZealand;fullyparticipatedintheDohaRoundnegotiationstofacilitatetheestabli,Chineseagriculturehasbasicallyintegratedintotheinternationaltradesystem,withitsopening-upbeingbroadenedanddeepened,rehensiveproductioncapacityimprovedcontinuouslyInthepasttenyearsaftertheaccessiontotheWTO,Chinahastakenactivemeasurestodealwiththeimpactoffiercemarketcompetition,frequenttradefrictions,theinternationalfinancialcrisisandtheextremelyvolatilemarketoffarmproducts;managedtoaddressthechallengesoftheriseofthecostsofagriculturalproduction,declineofcomparativeinterests,andfrequentnaturaldisasters;,%,1%%from1998to2001beforeChinasaccessiontotheWTO(Table1).Table1ChangeoftheChineseEconomicStructure(%)from1978to2010ByLiuShijin,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo185,,solvingresourceandenvironmentalproblemswillbopment,whichemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thefastersubstantialchangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopment,thedeepeningofreformandopeningupandtheinnovationofsystemsandmechanisms,andhighlightswell-definedresponsibilities,effectiveprices,,itisimperativetotransformandupgradetraditionalindustries,developemergingindustriesandstreamlinemajoreconomicrelations,suchasthosebetweendomesticdemandandforeigndemandandbetweensavingsandconsumption,soastolayanimportantfoundationforboostingthequalityandefficiencyofChina’seconomicdevelopmentandpursuingsteady,,fiscalandtaxrelationsarebasicallystreamlined,theframeworksandstandardsofpolicies,lawsandregulationsarepreliminarilyestablished,theresponsibilitiessandperformanceevaluationsystemsareimproved,majorprogresshasbeenmadeintechnologicalinnovationandpopularizationandinindustrialrestructuring,,,fasterandsustainabledevelopmentthatemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thecompatibilityofgrowthwithresourcesandtheenvironment,,animportantcontentistopursuedevelopmentthatemphasizes“resourceconservation,higherefficiency,andeconomicandenvironmentalprotection”.Inthelongrun,greendevelopmentandefficientdevelopmentareinherentlyunited,,theymaybecontradictorytoeachothe,econom,achievableeconomicgrowthshouldnotbecontainedsimplyinordertopursueexces,htofChina’scurrentconditionsandthroughscientificdeve,economic,legalandnecessaryadministrativetoolsshouldbeemployedinaunifidemandrelationship,resourcescarcityandenvironmentalcostandmarketmechanismcanplaybasicrolesinpromotingconservation,,administrati,moralconstraintsshouldreceivegrowingattentionandresourceconservnment-friendlysocietyandbecomeani,whichhavetobearresourceandenvironmentalpressures,,,streamliningrelationsandstrengtheningcontrol,thegovernmentshouldcreateamarketenvironmentthatfeaturespriceeffectivenessandfaircompetitionsothatenterprisescanhavesufficientpressureandmotivationtoselecttheenergy-savingandenvironment-friendlytechnologies,processes,protectionmethods,onment,enterprisescanpursuetheirownlong-termdevelopmentandint,rewardandpunishmentmechanismsshouldbeestablishedtoencouragetheadvancedandeliminatetheoutdatedandtoguidecorporatebehaviorsinenergyconserva,bystrictlyenforcingrelevantlaws,regulationsandstandards,byrewardingthesuperiorandpunishingtheinferiorwithfiscalandtaxtoolsandbyguidingpublicopinions,theenterprisesthatperformwellinresourceconservationandenvironmentalprotectionshouldbenefitanddevelopbetterandfasterandtheenterprisesthatperformpoorlyinresourceconsumptionaheeconomicstructurebeoptimizedintheco,overallplanning,,,Chinashouldproperlyhandlytheoverallandpartialrelations,thelong-termandshort-termrelations,theinternationalanddomesticrelations,,itshouldfocustimeandeffortsonsomebasic,keyandurgentsectorssoastomakebreakthroughs,helpsolvecrolesofmarketmechanismsinthespheresofresourcesandtheenvironment,priorityshouldbegiventosolvingthelong-standingproblems,suchaspricedistortion,administrativeaccessrestrictionandtheabsenceofmarkettradinginstitutions.--Improvetheprice-formingmechanismsforcoal,power,price-formingmechanismthatwillallowmarketcompetititiontodeterminethepricesofpowergenerationandsaleandallowthetransportshouldbereformedsoastoformatradingrelationshipinwhichkeyenterprisesmainlyoperateonlongandmedium-termcontracts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米,oftheinterviewedenterprises,25sawtheirsalesrevenuegrowingrapidly(byover10%),38sawtheirgrowingsteadily(by5%~10%),13sawtheirgrowingslowly(by0~5%)%,only1islistedand4arestate-owned,%%%oftheirtotalemployeesduring2007~2011,%,theave,9sawtechnicallevelsoftheirmanufacturingequipmentlivinguptointernationaladvancedlevelsand13sawtheirsreachingtheadvanceddomesticlevels,suggestingthatequipmenttechnologiesareofvitalimportancetoproductqualityandcompetitivepower,%ofthetextileenterprisesinChinawereshortofworkersinvaryingdegreesand,inthefirsthalfof2012,%,,17ofthe81surveyedtextileenterprisesthoughttheyhadsufficienthumanresources,yetmostoftheenterprisessaidthatitwasquitedifficultforthemtorecruitgeneralandtechnierelargeenterprises,%ofallsurveyedlargeenterprisesand,3ofthe9enterprisesalsomentionedtheyhaddifficultyrecruitingskilledworkersandthatthenewrecruitswerelesscapable,suggestingthatproblemslikelaborshortageandinabilitytoretainpersonnelexistatlargeandtheproblemsarenotmuch,6ofthe17enterprisesthatheldthattheyhadsufficienthumanresourcessawtheirsalesrevenueincreasingbymorethan10%inrecent3yearsand10sawtheirsupby5%~10%,%,suggestingthatenterpriseswithgoodbusinessperformancearelessboggeddowninseriouslaborsh,19weremedium-sizedandsmallandmicro-sizedenterprises,makingup76%,suggestingthatlargeenterprisesaremoreattractivetotalentedpeople.。

    万濠会官网备用ByLuWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo208,2012(Total4210)Currently,,growingresourcesandenvironmentpressure,decliningdemographicdividend,theeconomicgrowthslowsdownandthegrowthmodeinvolvinghighinvestment,,moresocialvaluesshouldbecreatedbyfewerresourceinputs,dustriesThetransformationofdevelopmentmoderequiresthemanufacturingindustri,Chinaisseeingweakeningadvantagesinlow-costmanufacturingduetoincreasingfactorprice,,thecoretotransformthedevelopmentmodeofthemanufacturingindustriesistoshiftfromresourceconsumptiontointensiveutilizationoffactors,fromdependenceoninvestmentandscaleexpansiontofactorupgradingandvaluechainimprovement,,effortsshouldtargetonimprovingthegrowthqualityandefficiencyofthemanufacturingindustriesandestablishingthefactorproductivityindicatorsystemtoreplacetheevaluationsystemblindlypursuingeconomicscaleandGDPgrowthrate,toguidethetransformationofdeveldreflectstheco,theGDP,amajorindicatormeasuringthenationaleconomicgrowth,of,theindustrialvaluofaddedvalue,,industrialvalueaddedincludestax,salaryandbenefits,interestandprofits,etc.,contributiontothecountry,salaryandbenefitsarethecompensationforemployees,interestistherew,fund,energyandcompositefactorproductivityindicatorsystem(1)Laborproductivityindicator—,thehigherthelaborproductivityoftheindustry.(2)Fundefficiencyindicator—tefficiency.(3)Energyutilizationefficiencyindicator—,thehighertheenergyefficiencyoftheindustryandthebettertheenergysavingandemissionreductionperformanceoftheindustry.(4)Compositefactorproductivityindicator—,thehighertheproportionofrawmaterialcostintheoutputperunit,,ahighoutputaddedvalueratemeanslowresourceconsumptionandhighvalueaddedandcompositefactorproductivityoftheindustry.(5)Factorsubstitutionindicator—,plicity,conveniences,feasibilityanddataavailability,thefactorringindustriesaccordingtostatisticsbetween1999and2009,andconductsdynamicanalysisandinter-industrycomparison.(1),the,asperthestandardsofOECDandWorldBankandconsideringtheRDexpenseandintensityofRDstaff,thearticledividesmanufacturingindustriesintofourcategoriesincludinghigh-techmanufacturingindustries,middle-high-techmanufacturingindustries,middle-low-techmanufacturingindustriesandlow-techmanufacturingindustries,soastofindoutthechangeoffactorproductivityinindustrieswithdifferenttechnicalfeatures.(2)tio,thecomparisonofthefactorproductivitybetweenindustriesshallbemadeandtheindustrialcompetitivenessshallbeanalyzedfromtheperspectiveoffactorproductivity,soastoprovideabasisforinduByLiuYong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo14,2013(Total4263)In2011,regionaleconomicgrowthdeclinedatlargeinChina,andinmostregionstheecono,economiesofvariousprovinces,%(aweightedaverageasperGRP),();GRPofvariousprovinces,();thepercapitaGRPofvariousprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitiescametoatotalof38,777yuan(being3,680yuanhigherthanthenationalstatistics).FollowingistheanalysisofChinasregionaleconomicdevelopmentpattern,,anoverviewofregionaleconomicdevelopmentinChinaindicatedthateconomicgrowthinChinascentralandwesternregionswasfasterthanthatintheeasternregion,thefocusofregionaleconomicgrowthandaggregatemovedwestwardcontinuously,therelativeregionalgapcontinuedtoshrinka,becosregionaleconomicgrowthwascharacterizedbythefactthateconomicgrowthwasfasterincentralandwesternregions,butslowerintheeasternregionsofChinawhilethefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiverandTianjinwitnessedthefastestgrowthByregion,economicgrowthofChinascentralandwesternregionssurpassedthatofeastChinain5yearsrunningby2011andthesurpassinggrowthcontinuedtoenlarge,;thefarwesternregionsawafastergrowththanthegrandcentralregion,formingagainasequencingoffarwesternregion,grandcentralregionandneweasternregion,andthegroactonChinaseasternregion,andthatthecentralgovernmentsintensifyingin"7+1"integratedeconomicareasthatregionswhereeconomicgrowthisfasterthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiver,thefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesofthePearlRiver,thenortheasternregionandthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYellowRiverand,regionswhereeconomicgrowthisslowerthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthecoastalareasofeastChina,forChinaandproducedahugeimpactonChina,amongothers,havebeenworsthitbythecrisis(coastalareasofsoutheastChinawereworsthitin2008).(SeeTable1).Table1 PatternandChangeoftheMacroeconomicandIntegratedEconomicAreasduring2002~2011ByXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-CorporateRelationsofStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo6,2011TheoverallperformanceofChinasInternetofThingsisgood,,enterprisesdonothavematurecommercialmodels,,,governmentandenterprisesshouldworktogethertocultivatemassmarketdemand,developkeytechnologies,establishtechnologyandapplicationstandards,buildsupportinginfrastructures,protectinformationsecurityandprivacy,andpromotecooperationbetweenindustry-relatedregulatorydepartmentsandcoordinationbetweenenterprises,,improvinggovernment-corporaterelationsandformingadevelopmentpatternthatfeaturesgovernmentpromotion,corporateinitiativeandgovernment-cor,countriesaroundtheworldpaymuchattentionto,astheInternetofThingsofferscomprehensiveperception,reliabletransmissionandintelligenthandling,itcanensurehumanbeingstohaveatechnologicalbasisforthereal-timecontrol,,theInternetofThingscanberegardedasapenetrationoftheInternetintorealeconomy,whoseindustrialchainincorporatesmoreupstreamanddownstreamparticipantsandwidensth,,theInternetofThingsisahighlandforthefuturecompetitionbetweenvariouscountriesinthefiel,theInternetofThingsisalsoabosnewindustrializationprocessanericaninthefieldofInternetofThingsapplicationresearches,ry,andcitieslikeBeijing,Shanghai,,severalInternetofThingsindustrialalliancesarebeingformedinChina,andth,therelevantauthoritiesshouldpaymuchattention,observethelawsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopment,associatedwithChinasInternetofThingsdevelopmentInthecourseofrapiddevelopmentofInternetofThings,theenterprisesinChinaalsofacesomechallenges,whichcannsInternetofThingsindustryisstillintheinitial,inadequateunderstandingandhighapplicationc,Chinashouldchangeitsoldmindsetandpractice,giveequalemphasistobothdemandandsupplyends,tapthepotentialoftheChinesemarket,andcultivatsthathavepracticalfunctionsandcancreatevalues,andtoinnovatecommercialmodelssothattheInternetofThingsenterprisesinChinacanboostthe,theInternetofThingsasastrategicemergingindustryhasthe,whenthereisnoeffectiveinterest-sharingmechanism,Internetoperatorsandothercorporateoligarchsmayabusetheirmonopolisticpowerstopreventfair,thegovernmentshouldstrengthenplanning,regulationandcoordinationforInternetofThingsdevelopmentsoastoeffectivelybalanceandharmonizetheinterestsofdifferentparties,encouragetheircooperation,,stabilizingqualityanden,Chinastillhasnounifiedstandards,integration,deploymentandmaintenanceandtodevelopemergingindustriesandalsoanintelligence-basedinfrastructureforChinato,,thegovernmentshouldmakeproperinvestmentatapropertimeorencouragethethreemajortelecomoperators,cableoperatorsandrelated,thegovernmentshoulduseinvestmentandothermeasurestobuildpublicoperatingandserviceplatformsandatthesametimeguideenterprisestomakeinvestmentinbuildingapplicationplatformsthatwillserverelevantindustries.必赢BBIN捕鱼达人重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByGeYanfeng,YuDongandZhangBingzi,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo87,2012Developmentofsocialpoliciesandrelatedinstitutionalimprovementsnotonlymakeitimportanttoclarifythetrendofreformanddevelopmentinvariousfieldsandspecificpolicies,butalsorequireadvancementofinstitutionalreforminrelatedfieldsandimprovementoftheoperationalmechanism,especiallyintermsoftechnologyselectionandmanagementinkeyfields,soastochallengesexperiencedinmakingandimplementingsocialpoliciesinChina,wewouldliketodrawattentiontothefollowingaspects:nTermsofResponsibilityforSocialSecurityandPublicServiceSocialsecurityandpublicservicefallintothegovernments,thenon-smoothresponsibilityrelationshipsamonggovernmentsatdifferentlevelshaveseverelyhinderedsocialdevelopment,mentsatdifferentlevelsconcerningdecision-makingrelatedtosocialsecurityandpublicservice,aswellasfollow-upinvestment,sresponsibilityfordecision-makingandoverallplanningInthefieldofsocialsecurityandpublicservice,wemustadheretoequalityandpolicyconsistency,thusitisessentialtofurtherstrengthenthecentralgovernment,thelocalgovernmentscouldbegivenrelevantrightinmakingspecificpoliciestosomeextent,butthegeneraldirectiofthecharacteristicsofdifferenttypesofsocialsecurityandpublicservice,itmustbemadeclearwhatistheresponsibilityofthegovernmentsatahigherlevel,whatresponsibilityrestswiththelocalgovernments,especiallyatthegrass-rootslevel,,especiallythoseatthelevelofcountiesandthecounty-levelcities,areresimplementationInviewoftheimbalanceineconomicdevelopmentfromregiontoregionandthefactthatlocalgovernmentsarecountedoninthedeliveryofserviceandadministration,itisimperativetofurtherreformandimprovethecost-sharingmechanism,strengthenthecentralandprovincialgovernmentsgeneraltransferpaymenttolocalgovernments,soastoequalizethegovernments,theexpendresponsibilityforsupervisinglocalsocialdevelopmentTheobjectivesandevaluationstandardsinthisregardshouldbestipulatedbythecentralgovernmentwhiletheconcretesupervisionandeval,itisessentialt,IdentifyProductAttributesandCost-sharingMechanism,andEnsureBenefitofthePublic,atareasonablelevelofserviceisprovided,inabidtopromotestandardizationofbasicpublicserviceThelevelandstandardofsocialsecurityandpublicservicemustbeinaccordancewithdevelopmentrequirement,ertoohighnortoolow,itistheprior,areasonablelevelofflexibilitywhichcanneverbetoogreatisallowedinthisregard;withinthesameregion,th,soastoenhanceperformanceofpublicinvestmentWeshouldnotonlysteadilyincreaseinvestment,butmoreimportantlyweneedtoenhancetheperformanceofthepublicinvestmentthroughinstitutionalizationeffortsandensurtinginvestmentforroutineoperation,andest,weneedtoreinforcesupervisionuponuseofpublicfunds,standardizecapitalflow,promoteopenandtran,weneedtofullylzedITdevelopmentandapplicationinvariousfieldsandbetweendifferentregions,,weneedtopromoteapplicationanddevelopmentofITtechnology,tobettermanagesocialsecurity,mWeshouldfullydrawoninternationalexperienceinthisrespect,offerserviceforfree,withbelow-costpricingoraccordingtocostdep,itisappropriatetoprovideitforfree,orforasmallfee(forthepurposeofavoidingwaste).Regardingtheserviceandthecostofwhichneedstobesharedbyindividualsandfamilies,theindividualsabilitytopaymustbetakenintofullconsideration,andcorrespondingreduction,exemptionorsubsidypoliciesshouldbedeveloped,toavoidreversetransferpaymentandensurethebenefitofthemiddleandlow-incomesocialgroups.ByChenDaofu,ResearchTeamon"DeepingtheReformofRuralCreditCooperatives",ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo151,elopmentofRuralCreditCooperativesDespitethereformsandchangeofcompetentauthorities,thepolicyandcom,eventheone-of-the-kindinsomeregions,theruralcredit"givingpolicysupporttoagriculture,facilitatinglocaldevelopment,guardingagainstrisksthroughsupervisionandearningprofitontheirown",theruralcreditcooperativesfindsitselfinadilemmaofattendingtosustainablebusinrcialization,theruralcreditcooperativesarealsofacingthequestionofhowtosetupthesustainablebusinessdevelopmentmodelthroughtransformationsoastoservetheever-growing"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"aswellasmicroandsmallenterprises(MSEs).sdevelo"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprisesare"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers",thedevelopmentoftheindustrialeconomyandthewitheringofthesectorrelatedto"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"berofpeopleengagedinagriculture,"emptyvillages",someagriculture-basedenterpriseshavebeguntodeve,greatchangeshave,,theunse,,efoundthemselvesnotinapositiontoadapttotheneedfordiversifiedeconomicdevelopmentinruralareasandthatthecounty-levelcorporatejointcooperativesareunabletoadapttothechangeinruralcapitalneedsforlackofcapitalfundandfundcapacity(loanratioforeachsinglecustomerisrestricted)andduetorelativelylowpersonnelquality(productdevelopmentabilityislimited).Intermsofthefeaturesofthefinancialperformance,thereisaworldofdifferenceinbusinessmodelandriskmanagementapplicabletoservicesofferedtoindustryandurbanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprisesaswellastothesectorof"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprises,andtherequirementsformanagementstructure(governancemechanism)dstandardized,witheachamountbeinghandsome,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontopledge,"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andtomicroandsmallenterprisesarerelativelysimpleandlessstandardized,witheachamountbeingsmall,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontoactualservicesandcashflowsandlayemphasisonlawoflargenumbers,informationt,theformercallsforcompletesetupofsectionsandstressesstandardizationandinteraction,whilethelatteremphasizesontheflexibilityontheprem,toservewhichevertypesofrealeconomies,theeconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscopedoexistinthefinancialsectoranddsize,ematicrisksforasingl,differentservicegroupswillleadtodifferentbusinessoperationandriskmanagementmodelsforfinancialinstitutions,yetthesustainableoperationsaleoperationarenotboundtohappenandshouldnotcompletelygoagainsttheprovisionofeffectivefinancialservicesforspecificgroups,w,changeofruralcreditcooperativesservicetargetshasposedaedoffastheywereNamely,whetherthecooperativesshouldbeallowedtoexpandtheirdistrictsofoperationtodiversifyandwidentheirbusinessscaleandchangetheirmanagementmodel,itisthechangeoftheeconomicenvironmentthathasposedaquestionofpositioningofthecreditcooperatives,thatis,whetherthecooperativesshouldchangewiththegrowthoftheservicetargetsorjustconcentrateont,thereisalsoaquestionofwhatmethodsaremoreeffectiveintheendtosatisfythefinancialservicedemandarisingfrom"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenethebusinessdevelopmentmodelsthatconformtotheeconomicdevelopmentandlawoffinancialoperationassumedinvariouslocalitiesandmaintaincommercialsustainability.ByWangHui,GeneralOfficeofDRC,andJiaTaoWangJicheng,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo82,2012Currently,Chinaspolicytowardsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)hasscoredsomesuccessinrelievingburdensandovercomingdifficulties,includingreductionoftaxesandfees,subsidygranting,easingoffinancialstraitsandimprovementofbusinessenvironments,,skilltrainingandbusinessstartuptraining,heirmanagementofhumanresourcesandraisetheirmanagementlevels,butalsoanimportantchannelforimprovingtheskilltrainingandvocationaleducationsystem,nurturingmanagementpersonnelandimprovingworkersqualities,whichareofvitalimportancetoSMEsinenhancingtheirabilitiesforexistence,,trainingservicestoSMEsareofspecialstrategicimportancetotheimplementationofthestrategyofreinvigoratingChinathroughhumanresourcedevelopment,theconstructionofChinaintoaninnovation-orientedcountry,theaccelerationofthedevelopmentofburgeoningserviceindustries,theconstructionofharmoniousindustrialrelationsandthebo,SMEsrrvicesystemforSMEsisanimportantmeansforimprovingthedevelopainingservicesystemforSMEsisacompletesystemwhichincludesSMEsasdemanders,traininginstitutionsassuppliers,variouskindsoftrainingorganizationssuchasskilledworkersschools,aswellasgovernmentservicedepartments(institutions)ascoordinatorsforSMEsandrelevantpolicyresources,,withthegradualimprovementofpoliciestowardSMEsandinneedoftheenterpriserestructuringandupgradingandmarketcompetition,rapidprogresshasbeenmadeinChinainthegrowthoftrainingservicestoSMEs,andabusinessstartupandtrainingservicesystemhastakenshapeinitiallyunderthepositiveguidanceofboththeCentralGovernmentandthelocalgovernments,withthewideparticipationbysocializedtrainingentitiesaswellasthesoundinteractionbetweenthegovernmentandthemarket,coveringskilltraining,,over11millionSMEshaveregisteredinChina,withtheself-employedinexcessof34million,mostofwhicharesmallinscale,,agrowingnumberofenterpriseshavefullycometorealizethatpersonneltrainingcanhelprealizemanagementenhancement,technologicalprogressandimprovementofeffectivenes(PrivateEnterprises)conductedbythecityofWuxiindicatesthatin201082%ofsurveyedenterprisesintendedtogivevocationaltrainingtotheiremployeesandthepercentageofsuchenterprisesreached98%,businessmanagement,marketingandprofessionalskillsaccountedfor47%,38%and22%,,by2010,thesizeofthebusinessmanagementandtrainingservicemarkethadreachedtheamountof75billionyuanorsoinChinaandmaintainedanaverageannualgrowthof25%oraboveonthewhole,%,particularlyformanagementtrainingandaredesiroustotaptheirmanagementpotentials,enhancetheirmanageme,theycanbedividedintothreetypes:first,trainingcompanieswithcorporatecapacities,whicharemarket-orientedandprovidecommercialtrainingservices;second,institutions,suchasskilledworkersschoolsandprofessionalschools,whichareanimportantintegralpartofChinasvocationaleducationsystemandaremarket-orientedandprovidecommercialtrainingservices;andthird,non-profittraininginstitutionssetupb,trainingcompanies,focusedmainlyonmanagementtraining,canprobefullyintoenterprisedemandandarebettermarket-adaptedand,byadoptingsuchservicepatternsasinternaltraining,openclasses,distanceeducationandjudgmentandconsultationinaflexibleway,canbettermeetthepersonalizeddemandsofenterprises,,000managementtrainingcompaniesinChina,rt,thetraininginstitutions,suchasskilledworkersschools,havearelativelygoodnumberofteachersandarecenteredonskilltraining,tupforboostingemploymentandmeetinglocaldemandforspecifichard-sough,therehadbeen2,988skilledworkers;therehadbeen3,192jobtrainingcentersand20,000privately-runtraininginstitutions,,thenumberofsuchinstitutionshadreached525,andnearly1/3oftheprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitieshavepreliminarilysetupservicesystemsatprovincial,,dependentontheirresourcesanddiplomaeducation,manycollegesanduniversitiesandresearchinstitutionsprovidetrainingservicesmainlyforentrepreneursofSMEsandforhighermanagementpersonneland,suchservicesare,inessence,animportantro,theCentralGovernmentandthelocalg,manyplaceshaveunveiledpersonnelplansandpoliciesondevelopmentofSMEsandhavetakeninnovationmethods,rationalizingofmechanismsandenla,theCentralGovernmentandlocalgovernmentshavegivensomebasicandnon-profittrainingactivities,suchastheGalaxyTrainingProgrambytheCentralGovernment,ExpertiseUpdatingProgramandtheManagementUpgradingPlanforSMEs,stypesofentrepreneurs,andShenzhenhascarriedouttrainingofleadingtal,Chinahas,atpresent,initiallyformedthetrainingservicesystemforSMEs,reflectingthepositiveresultsachievedinrecentyearsthroughtheimplementati,hugeandurgenttrainingdemandfromSMEshasbeenarealisticbasis,supportandinputfromtheCentralGovernmentandthelocalgovernmentshavebeenanimportantguarantee,andtheunremittingmodelinnovationbytraininginstitutionsparticularlybymarket-orientedtrainingenterpriseshasbeenthesourceofvitality.ByXuXiaoqingZhangYunhua,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo133,2011Thepilotprojectonregionalmanagementoffarmproductquali,meetthequalitativerequirementofexportfarmprodu,theprovincehasmadetangibleachievementsinintroducingthere,theprovincehasmovedfromemphasizingthequalityandsafetyofexportfarmprodu,theregulatorysystemonfarmproductqualityandsafetyhasbecomesousRegionalManagementofQualityandSafetyofExportFarmProductsIn2006asJapancomprehensivelyintroducedtheaffirmationtableofagriculturalchemicalresiduesinfoodproductsandastheEuropeanUnionintroducedanewactonfoodsafetyandhygiene,thefoodandfarmproductsexportedbyChinawerefound,throughtesting,,China,about70%wererelatedtothepollutionarisingfromtheresiduesofpesticides,,theinspectionandquarantinebureauofShandongProvincebegantointroduceinthecityofAnqitiveandtestresources,tightenedtheoverallmanagementofpesticidesandanimaldrugswithintheregion,standardizedtheplanting,breeding,production,processing,supervisionandmanagementoffarmproducts,,theprovinceofShandongpopularizedthisregionalmanagementmodelto,theprovincialgovernmentpromulgatedtheGuidelinesonAcceleratingtheBuildingofringtotheworkingmechanismfeaturinggovernmentleadership,departmentalinteraction,corporaterolesandmarketoperation,thedemonstrationareasadopteda"five-in-one""five-in-one"modelhighlightedthemainrolesofenterprises,thedependenceonbases,thefocusonstandards,,theagriculturalchemicalinputcontrolsystem,thequalityandsafetytraceabilitysystem,themonitoring,evaluationandwarningsystem,thecorporatequalityandsafetycreditsystem,ources,noillegalinputs,nomanagementblindspots,,,itintegratedforeignanddomesticmarketssothatmoreinternationallyqualifiedfarmp,regionalmanagementshiftedfromemp,theprovincesetanoverallrequirementforregionalmanagement:enforceinternationalstandards,integrateforeignanddomesticmarkets,buildShandongbrands,hainsupermarketssoastofullytaptheirrespectiveadvantages,widenmarketingchannelsfordemonstrationareas,andguidesupermarketstoestablishdirectprocurementbasesinoductQualityandSafetyThankstoyearsofefforts,theprovincehasintroducedtheregionalmanagementmodelonfar,24oftheseadministrativedivisionshavebeencertifiedasthe"demonstrationareasforthesafetyofexportfoodandfarmproducts".In2009,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationbegantointroduceShandong,theexperiencehasbeenpopularizedin261county-leveladministrativedivisionsinChinas27provinces,mendedbytheStateQualityandQuarantineAdministration,,,1,,coveringvegetables,meatproducts,aquaticproducts,fruits,sdemonstrationareas,theoverallqualityandsafetyoffarmproductshasimproved,w%,thenotificationsbyforeigncountriesoverthesafet,theresiduesofpesticidesandanimaldrugsin2010were66%,Shandong,up30%stotalfarmpro,thequalityoffarmproductssuppliedtodomesticmarketshasvisiblyimproved,,theprovincehasestablishedmorethan50enterprisestopairdemonstrationareaswithsupermarkets,morethan4,000directfarmproductprocurementbases,,,thefarmproductsproducedinWeihaienteredtheprocurementnetworksoftheJapaneseAeon,theSouthKoreanLotteandothermultinationalcompanies,,gingersawitsproducerpricerising100%anditsexportpricerising43%,,appleexportrevenuerose2,,,"RedFuji"apple,wascertifiedasgreenfood,~,theprs.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以LuWeiShenHengchaoInthepastthreeyearssinceChinapromulgatedthenationalintellectualpropertystrategy,thecountryhasscoredmarkedprogressinthefieldofintellectualpropertythankstotheunifiedleadershipoftheStateC,use,protectionandmanagementofintellectualpropertyhasexpanded,ualproperty,asintellectualpropertyhasjustbeenincorporatedintotheworkofvarioussectors,thescopeofprotectionhasbeenwidened,andtheimpl,intellectualpropertystrategyimplementationshouldemphasizetheintegrationwithindustrialdevelopment,theimprovementofsystemsandmechanisms,(orthestrategicprogramforshort),use,protectionandmanagementofintel,intellectualpropertyhasplayedagrowingroleineconomic,technological,,Chinahasexpandedthecapacityforthecreation,use,protectionandmanagementofintellectualproperty,,thecapacityenhancementisstrongerinthecreationofintellectualpropertythanintheuseofintellectualproperty,thequantitativegrowthofintellectualpropertyisfasterthantheimprovementofquality,theprotectionofintellectualpropertyismoredifficultthanthemanagementofintellectualproperty,andtheimplementationofp,ChinahasscoredmarkedprogressinthefieldofintellectualpropertythankstotheunifiedleadershipoftheSt,idated,andint,theenvironmentforintellectualpropertyprotectionhasbecomebetter,,’sinfluencehas,withthequantityoftheintellectualpropertyaccepted,,patentapplicat,trademarkregistrationapplicationswerethehighestintheworldandinventionpat,Chinarankedfourthintermsofinternationalpatentapplications,secondintermsofthegrowthofMadridinternationaltrademarkregistrationapplications,,voluntarycopyrightregistrationsrosefrom134,000to376,000,andcomputersoftwarecopyrightregistrationrosefrom24,520to81,,thefarmproductvarietyapplicationsacceptedrosefrom816to1,206,,newforestplantvarietyapplicationsrose45%,theircapacitytouseintellectualpropertyhasbecomehigher,andtheircon,theratioofpatentapp%andthevalueofregisteredtechnologytradingcontractsrose39%’shighestintermsofPCT(international),ZTEandHuaweirespectivelyrankedsecondandfourthintermsofglobalPCT(international),,%,andcopyright-h,,theLawonIntangibleCulturalHeritagehasbeenenactedandtheLawofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaonInfringementLiabilityhasclearlyincludedcopyright,patentrightandtrademarkrightintothesc,theImplementingRulesforthePatentLaw,theCopyrightLawandt,atotalof76lawseenforcementhasbecomehigher,thejudicialprotectionofintellectualpropertyhasbeenimproved,andadministrativee’scourtshavecoveredalllegalspheresofintellectualproperty,includingcivil,cordingtotheirfunctions,,,Chinahaslau"blueskyaction",the"mountaineagleaction",the"thunderboltaction",andthe"skynetaction".Theintensifiedcrackdownshaveincre,theStateCouncillaunchedaspecialactiononintellectualp,thisspecialactionhaspreliminarilycontainedrightsinfringementsandthespreadoffakeandinferiorgoods,,year,thetrialdurationforreconsideredcaseshasbeenshortenedto12months,,thedurationofpatentexaminationbecameslightlyshorter,thedurationofinventionpatentexaminationwasstabilizedat24months,andthedmonthsto3months,andthedurationofpatentreconsiderationcaseconclusionandpatentnullifieencompletedtocoverthewholeprocessofpatenthandling.、必赢BBIN捕鱼达人用户至上龙虎国际平台娱乐ByZhangChenghui,Director-GeneraloftheResearchInstituteforFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo106,2013(Total4355)ftheFinancialIndustryIfcategorizingisdoneintermsoftheintensityoffactorinputsandtheindustriesareclassifiedaslabor-intensive,capital-intensive,technology-intensiveandknowledge-intensive,thenthefinancialindustryisdeemedasa"contract-intensiveindustry".Asaspecialservicesector,thefinancialindustryrelatestocontractualarrangementsbeingfarmoreintensiveandcomplicatedthanotherindustriesinproductionandtradingoffinancialproducts,whicharemorevulnerableto"informationasymmetry"and"ethicalrisks".Hence,ifsoundenvironmentsforensuringthecontractimplementationarefewandfarbetween,riskswillincreasesubstantially,thusaffectinginvestorsinformationandtheirtradingaspirations,,,bankruptcylawsofIndonesia,SouthKorea,ThailandandRussiawerenotallcarriedoutstrictly,leavingcreditorsinterestsunprotected,andmalfunctioningenterprisesorfinancialptionoftheongoinginternationalfinancialcrisis:ononehand,withtheexplosivedevelopmentofthefinancialderivatives,loopholesappearagainstconsumerprotection;ontheotherhand,theissueof"toobigtofail(TBTF)"isquitetangibleindevelopedcountries,cialinfrastructureofacountryshouldincludelegalenvironment,dlegalenvironmentcanrelationsamongvariousstakeholder,namely,perfectlegalsystem,effectiveexecutivesystemandreason,thelegalsystemshouldbewellestablis,thelegalsystemshouldalsokeeppacewiththetimesandbeadjustedint,afair,justandefficientfinancialdisputehearingandarbitrationmechanismshouldbesetupunancialdisput,theviewpointofestablishingani,pilotcourtshavebeensetupinShanghai,Henan,,theInternationalFinancialArbitrationCourtbegantooperateinHague,specializinginofferingarbitrationservicesfordisputesarisin,financialsupervis,hiddenillegalconductsanddifficultyinobtainingevidencethroughinvestigationfeaturefinancialtransactions,plusfinancialinvestorsbeingrelativelyscattered,thenumberofsmallandmediuminvestorsbeinghugeandtheclassactionmechanismbeingimperfectandincompleteinChina,therefore,itisnecessarytoprovidefinancialsupervisionandregulationdepartmentswithnecessaryrightstoenforcethelaws,suchasthequeryrights,,theserightsmustbemoderateandreasonable,sinformationasymmetryandconstructthelong-actingconstraintandincentivemechanismforborrowersForeignexperienceshowsthatinformationdisclosureislessdemandedwhenstockholdersconcentraterelativelyand,conversely,:Asmallnumberofbigshareholdersarefarmorecapableofacquiringand,accurateandtimelyinformationdisclosureisneededtohelpt,indirect-financing-orientedeconomieshavelesserpressureofdisclosinginformationtothepublic,while,Chinaismakingeffortstoboostthetransformationfromtheinvestment-drivenandscale-centeredextensiveeconomicgrowthpatterntotheinnovation-dr,callsforthemajoreffortstodevelopingserviceindustriesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,;(includingpubliccompanies,yettheimplementationstandardisdifferentfromthatoflistedcompanies),,listedandunlistedpubliccompaniestaketheinitiativeindisclosingnecessaryfinancialandbusinessope,thepassivedisclosuresystemiscarriedout,namely,informationiscollectedandcompiledunderthecreditreferencesystem,andinformationoninquirysubjectsare,theobjectiveandspecializedthird-partycommentsarevitalimportancetothesystem.Note:Thefigur:elativelytightinthefourthquarterIn2010,demandforsuchmajorenergyproductsaspowerandoilproductsincreasedbyawidemarginascomparedwith2009,,coalandoilproductshasbeensubstantiallyenhancedoverrecentyears,plustherapidincreaseofcoalandoilimports,,affectedbysomeshort-termfactors,,coaloutputc,coalsupplyturnedoutnormaldur,,,,%.Inthefirstthreequartersof2010,supplyofanddemandforoilproductsturnedoutevenonthewhole,,%,thedieselmarkethadfacedsuchnegativefactorsastheriseofinternationaloilprices,increaseofoilforpowergenerationandthedieselstockremainingatalowlevel,entdownascomparedwiththesameperiodofthepreviousyearIn2010,pricesofmajorenergyproducts,suchasoil,coalandpower,,sinceenergypricesrosegraduallyfromarelativelylowlevelin2009,thosepricesremainedhighbeforetheywentdownin2010ascomparedwiththesameperiodofthepreviousyear.(1)In2010theinternationaloilpricefluctuatedaround80USdollarsandthedomesticpricesofoilproductswereadjustedforfourtimesIn2010,theinternationaloilpricewasgenerallyfluctuatingaround70~nthefirstfourmonths,,themonthlyaverageprice(Platts,samebelow)/barrel,%,affectedbysuchfactorsasthesovereigndebtcrisissweepingacrosssomeEuropeancountriesandtheappreciationofUSdollar,theinternationaloilpricebegantodecline,/barrelinJune,%,,/,affectedbysuchfactorsasthedevaluationofUSdollar,theinternationaloilpricewentupmonthbymonth,/,toadapttothechangeofinternationalcrudeoilprice,theStateDevelopmentandReformCommission(SDRC)adjustedthedomesticpricesofoilproductsrespectivelyonApril14,June1,October26andDecember22.(2)CoalpriceswentuponthewholeAccordingtotheNationalBureauofStatistics,since2010,producerpricesofcoalandcokingindustriesremainedatagrowthrateofaround10%.InNovember,withtheadventofthewinterpeaktimeforcoalconsumption,,thepriceofsteamcoalinQinhuangdaorosebymorethan10%ascomparedto2009,yetinDecemberthepriceofthesteamcoalremainedthesameasthatinthesameperiodofthepreviousyearandinthebeginningof2011.(3)TheproducerpriceoftheelectricpowerincreasedonasmallscaleIn2010,theproducerpriceofelectricpowercontinuedtoriseonasmallscale,withtheriseremainingat2%orsointhewholeyear.AcasestudyoffarmerTanYejunsaccountbooksinJilinProvinceconcerningchangesofgraingrowingcostbenefitoverthepastdecadeByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilJinSanlin,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo19,2013(Total4268)TanYejun,afarmerinSijiaziVillage,DalibaTown,QianguoCountyofJilinProvince,hasathree-memberfamily(Itwasasix-memberfamilytill2003;in2006,hissonanddaughtergotmarried,hencethepresentfamilysize),hehaskeptrecordingeachitemofincomeandexpense,whatevertheamount,fromtheincomeearnedthroughselling35,,Tanhasthreeaccountbookswhichgiveatrue-to-factp,acasestudyofTansaccountsshedslightonthesubstantialbenefitsthePartysagriculture-supportingpolicieshavebroughttograinproducersaswellastheprominentproblemsimpedingthegraingrowersIncomeGrowsYear-on-Year,WhichIsMainlyAttributabletoFavorablePolicies,ScaleOperationandRiseinGrainPriceThankstothepackageofagriculture-friendlypolicies,theTans,831yuanin2002toRMB118,698yuanin2011,;between2004and2011,%ayear,%%,theTanspercapitaincomereachedRMB39,500yuanin2011,attheupperlevelinhisvillage;theyhaveallthenecessaryhomeappliances,suchasthecomputer,refrigerator,colorTVandsoon,:JilinRuralHouseholdTansYearlyIncomefromGrainProduction、DVORByWangLiejunGongSen,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo50,2010Chinashouseholdregistersystemisnotonlyapopulationmanagementsystembasedonhouseholdregister,butalsoasystemonrightsdefinitionandinterestersystem,itisnecessarytobrieflyreviewtheprocessofthesystemsFunctionHasGraduallyShiftedfromRestrictingPopulationMovementtoProtectingLocalSocialWelfareInadditiontothegeneralfunctionsofpopulationmanagementandpublicordermaintenance,Chinashouseholdregistersys,thecouonandtoprotectthelimitedjobscreated,,formallyintroducedin1958,wasdesignedtostrictlyrestrictruralpopulation,itsfoodsupplybecameincreasinglysu,,,,"peasantworkers",thehouseholdregiemsandaspeasantsvirtuallyhadnosayinpolicymaking,ahostofwelfaresystemssuchasfullemployment,housing,medicalcare,education,nursingandold-agepensionweresubsequentlyestablishedtotargetonurbanresidentsonly,whorepresentedasmallproportionofChinaspopulationatthetime(LinYifuetal:ChinasMiracle:DevelopmentStrategyandEconomicReform,TrinityBookstoreShanghaiBranch,1996;CaiFang:ChinasCityDevelopmentinTransition–CityLevels,FinancingCapacitiesandMigrationPolicies,EconomicResearch,,2003).Asthisprocesswashighlypath-dependentandself-reinforcing,,andpartlytoregionalgovernments,afterthemid-1980swhenthehouseholdregistersystemceasedtoperformthefunctionofrestrictingruralpopulationsmigrationtourbanareas,thesystemsmainfu:,,othermeansoflivelihoodandjobswerenolon,,thismainlinebegantohaveanewcontent:gister,whichwas,inasense,,nowpubliclydiscussed,mainlyreferstothelatter.(1)Thereformofsmalltownhouseholdregistersyst,featuringtheliberalizationofhouseholdregisterqualifications,,thedevelopmentofruralenterprisespromptedrurallabortorapidlymovetosmalltowns,andsmalltownsalsoneededtoexpa,smalltownhouseholdregisterofferedlesssocial,thestatebegantoallowpeasantstoworkandliveinsmalltowns(excludingcountytowns)(thelandmarkpolicydocumentwastheNoticeoftheStateCouncilonAllowingPeasantstoSettleDowninSmallTowns).Aftersomeupsanddowns,anation,theGuidelinesforPromotingtheReformoftheSmallTownHouseholdRegisterSystemwerepromulgatedtowidenareasforpea,thequalificationsforsmalltownhouseholdregisterwereto"havelegalpermanentresidenceandstablejoborsourceofincome".Inpractice,"legalpermanentresidence"becamethemainqualification,whichgraduallyevolvedinto"housepurchaseforhouseholdregister".Ashousepricesinsmalltownswerenothigh,speciallyintherealestatesector,butalsohelpedsolvetheseparationofmigrantrural,smalltownshavefailedtoincreasejobsbyabigmargin,moreandmoreeconomicandsocialpolicieshavebeenintroducedinfavorofruralareas,potentialcompensationsforlandexpropriationshavebecomerelativelyhigh,andthepeasantswhohaveacquiredur,smalltownhouseholdregisterhasgraduallylostitsappealtopeasants,andsomepeasantswhohaveacquireister,insteadofhouseholdregisteritself,thathavearealappeal.ByLiuShijin,Vice-MinisterofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo1,sEnergySupplyMoreInsecureTheextensiveconcernoverunityisasufficient,reliable,multi-channelandaffordablesupplyofoilandnaturalgasandanavailabilityofsuffic,,electricity,nucts,politicalinstabilityinenergy-producingcountriesandsecuritythreatstoenergyfacilities,,itsdependenceratioonforeigncrudeoilhasskyrocketedfrom6%in1993to45%in2006andmorethan50%snaturalgimportedenergy,Chinaisalwaysahighlypassiveacceptorandfindsitdifficulttoaenergysupplysecurity,someofthembeingimpossiblewhenChinawasclosedtotheoutsideworld.--ilandotherenergyproductsandrefusestoincreasesupplybytakingadvantageofitsopeningup,--,globalenergysupplyoffersamuchwideranddiversifiedspaceintermsofregions,sourcesandvarieties.--Commoninterestswi,somecountriesmayverywellcauseinsecuritytoChinahopeningupinenergyproduction,transport,saleanddemand,thecompetitorswillhavetofaceh,refusingtocooperateconstitutesabasicconditionforbothsidestofeelinsecure.--Promotingtechnologicalexchangeandcooperationinenergysupply,energyconservationandnewproductdevelopmentandencouraginginnovationscanincreaselongandmedium-termenergysecurity.--sworld,theenergyandecon,andenergysecurity,whichisinter-relatedandhighlyexclusive,lengeofenergysecurity,andstayingawa,higherdependenceonforeignenergiesandespeciallyonforeignoilwhenacountryope,ratherthannarrowed,thespacetoensureChinarityhavebeenvisiblyincreased,,China,thedependenceonforeigncrudeoilismorethan60%fortheUnitedStatesand100%,avoidtheunfavorableones,andconsolidatethecornerstoneofChinareitsenergysecurityinthenewsituationofopeningup,Chinamustproceedfromitspracticalconditions,earnestlystudyanddrawoninternationalexperiences,andidentifyseveralstrategicpriorities.--,buttospreaseoilsupplyfromCentralAsia,ghydropower,nu--,Chinamaycooperatewithint,,storage,,Chinashouldencouragejoint-,morethanhalfofChina,theinterestsofforeigninvestorsandtheirhomecountrieswillinevitablybeaffected.ByLuWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo109,sHigh-TechServiceIndustries:BasicStatusandDevelopmentTrendSincethe1980s,therapiddevelopmentofknowledgeeconomyhascultivatedlargenumbersofhightechnologiesandtheservicei,,thegrowingdemandforserviceoutsourcinghaspromptedtheemergenceofnewth,,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriesareemergingindustries,whicharestillin,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriessuchasinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftware,scientificresearch,%%evalueappreciationofservicetargetsandtheinternalservicesofsomeproductionenterprisesarenotstatisticallyincluded,thestatisticalad,withalargescale,alargebasenumberandagrowthratelowert~2007period,theaddedvalueofChinastertiaryindustrygrew17%annuallyonaverage;t%,whichwaslowerthantheaveragelevelofthetertiaryindustry;thatofscientificresearch,%,~2008period,theannualgrowthrateoftheinvestmentinfixedassetsintheindustriesofscientificresearch,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospectingwasction,thegrowthofChinashigtheintermediateconsumptionbyproducerserviceindustrieswasfallingwhilethecoefficientofthepersonalconsumptionwasrising(LiShantong,GaoChuanshengetal:DevelopmentofChinasProducerServiceIndustriesandUpgradingofItsManufacturingIndustry,ShanghaiTrinityBookstore,November2008).Themainreasonwasthatmanufacturin,becausetheseenterpriseswereencouragedtobecomeinnovators,cityandcompetitivenessExceptfortelecomandlargenetworkoperators,,Chinahadover20,000softwareenterprisesin2008,,eachenterpriseemed,,butitsInternetmarketiss,thetotalrevenueofChinamongtheworldtop10,thetoshigh-techserviceenterprisesarenotedforweakinnovationcapacity,andtheirshig,Chinassoftwareserviceindustryisoneoftheindu,theexportofChina,accountingforonly15%,mostoftheinvestmentsinhigh-techserviceindustriescomemainlyfromChinesesources,,mostoftheseinvestmentsareraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,foreign-controlledenterprisesaccountedfor13%ofallthe14,373softwareenterprisesinChina,and30%,90%oftheinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheindustriesofinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftwarewereraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,%forthei%,accountingfor26%,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospecting,%oftheirinvestmentinfixedassets,,%ofthetotalinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheRDserviceindustry(Seethetablebelowfordetailedinformation).SourcesofInvestmentsinFixedAssetsinVariousIndustriesin2007(%)。

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