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    12bet PT大蓝游戏【wangyifanxian.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。钓鱼岛渡氯工贸有限公司(原防城港蜒缆科技有限公司)成立于1990年,占地面积48427平方米,一定发唯一官网地址其中生产厂房占地3630平方米,仓库面积占地6320平方米。固定资产5054万元,流动资产8775万元,干部职工共281人,工程技术人员32人。12bet PT大蓝游戏ByHanJun,Director-GeneraloftheResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomy,uldBeaUniversalGuidancefortheWholeCountryBuildinganewsocialistcountrysideisamajorstrategicdecisionmadebythecentralgovernmentinlightoftheoverallconsiderationtoharmonizenditions,theirbasiccon,differentregionsshoulingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,andshouldstriveforgreaterprogressinraisingthelevelofagriculturalmodernization,improvingthelivingenvironmentofthevillages,improvinginfrastructureandpubl,ionsnotedforweakindustrialbasisandlotsofurbanproblems,,theoverallleveloftheirruraldevelopmentisfarlowerthanthatinthedevelopedregionsalongtheseacoastandthe,thecentralandwesternunderdevelopedregionsshouldtakethebuildingofanewcountrysideasaworkpriorityoftheirPartycommitteesandgovernmentsatvariouslevelsinac,farmersintheunderdevelopedregionsarestillnotrich,whenpushforwardthebuildingofanewcountryside,localgovernmentsshouldstrictlyobservetherelevantstatepoliciesonpreventingfromincreasingthefarmers’burdens,preventi,theyshouldplaceemphasisonthemostelementaryissuessuchasimprovingthebasiclivingconditionsofthefarmers,diversifyingthechannelstoincreasetheincomeofthefarmers,,pushingforwardthebuildingof,thestatewillgivenecessarysupporconstesConcerningAgriculture,RuralAreasandFarmersorBecomeaCompletelyNewEndeavorDuringtheEleventhFive-YearPlanperiod,Chinamademajorbreakthroughsinimprovingitspoliciesconcerningagriculture,,theimportanceoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmerstotheoverallmodernizationdrivewasclearlydefined,citingapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralarea,majorpolicieswereclearlydefinedforapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ingagriculture,,thePartyputforwardanimportant"two-trends"notion,whichclearlychartedtheguidingprinciplesfromtheoverallandstrategicperspectivesforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersinthenewperiodandsetthebasictuneforChinatoformamechanisminthenewsituation,thro,aseriesofpolicieswereformulatedtopromotegrainproduction,easethefarmers’burden,promotemigrationofsurplusrurallaborandincreasethefarmers’earPlanindicatedthatunderthecorrectguidanceofthestate’smacropolicies,,,farmers’incomecontinuedtorise,,,SessionoftheSixteenthCPCCentralCommitteeisacontinuationoftheguidingprinciplesofsolvingthedualisticstructuralcontradictionbetweentheurbanandruralareasandemphasizingabalancedurban-ruraldevelopmentfor,buildinganewcountrysideshouldnotbedivorcedfromtheexistingpoliciesdesignedtosolvetheissuesconcerningagriculture,,,itisnecessarytoearnestlyimplementtheParty’spoliciesoncountryside,stabilizeandconstantlyimprovethebasicoperatingsystemsintheruralareas,givetopprioritytothedevelopmentofruralproductivity,intensifysupporttoagricultureandtheruralareresentsahigherandclearerdemandforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersandalsoanewdevelopmentopportunityforagricultureandfarmers.ByHanJun,Director-GeneraloftheResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomy,uldBeaUniversalGuidancefortheWholeCountryBuildinganewsocialistcountrysideisamajorstrategicdecisionmadebythecentralgovernmentinlightoftheoverallconsiderationtoharmonizenditions,theirbasiccon,differentregionsshoulingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,andshouldstriveforgreaterprogressinraisingthelevelofagriculturalmodernization,improvingthelivingenvironmentofthevillages,improvinginfrastructureandpubl,ionsnotedforweakindustrialbasisandlotsofurbanproblems,,theoverallleveloftheirruraldevelopmentisfarlowerthanthatinthedevelopedregionsalongtheseacoastandthe,thecentralandwesternunderdevelopedregionsshouldtakethebuildingofanewcountrysideasaworkpriorityoftheirPartycommitteesandgovernmentsatvariouslevelsinac,farmersintheunderdevelopedregionsarestillnotrich,whenpushforwardthebuildingofanewcountryside,localgovernmentsshouldstrictlyobservetherelevantstatepoliciesonpreventingfromincreasingthefarmers’burdens,preventi,theyshouldplaceemphasisonthemostelementaryissuessuchasimprovingthebasiclivingconditionsofthefarmers,diversifyingthechannelstoincreasetheincomeofthefarmers,,pushingforwardthebuildingof,thestatewillgivenecessarysupporconstesConcerningAgriculture,RuralAreasandFarmersorBecomeaCompletelyNewEndeavorDuringtheEleventhFive-YearPlanperiod,Chinamademajorbreakthroughsinimprovingitspoliciesconcerningagriculture,,theimportanceoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmerstotheoverallmodernizationdrivewasclearlydefined,citingapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralarea,majorpolicieswereclearlydefinedforapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ingagriculture,,thePartyputforwardanimportant"two-trends"notion,whichclearlychartedtheguidingprinciplesfromtheoverallandstrategicperspectivesforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersinthenewperiodandsetthebasictuneforChinatoformamechanisminthenewsituation,thro,aseriesofpolicieswereformulatedtopromotegrainproduction,easethefarmers’burden,promotemigrationofsurplusrurallaborandincreasethefarmers’earPlanindicatedthatunderthecorrectguidanceofthestate’smacropolicies,,,farmers’incomecontinuedtorise,,,SessionoftheSixteenthCPCCentralCommitteeisacontinuationoftheguidingprinciplesofsolvingthedualisticstructuralcontradictionbetweentheurbanandruralareasandemphasizingabalancedurban-ruraldevelopmentfor,buildinganewcountrysideshouldnotbedivorcedfromtheexistingpoliciesdesignedtosolvetheissuesconcerningagriculture,,,itisnecessarytoearnestlyimplementtheParty’spoliciesoncountryside,stabilizeandconstantlyimprovethebasicoperatingsystemsintheruralareas,givetopprioritytothedevelopmentofruralproductivity,intensifysupporttoagricultureandtheruralareresentsahigherandclearerdemandforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersandalsoanewdevelopmentopportunityforagricultureandfarmers.。

    ByFengJie,ZhangJunkuoGaoShiji,,2008Overall,Chinadegrees,thefactorscausingindustrialinstabilityaregraduallyreducing,andvariousregionshaveformedgoodexperi,duetotheimpactandrestraintofvariousfactors,somecitiesarestillobsessedbyrelevantproblems,suchasthedifficultytogetataxi,thepoorservicequality,thesubstandardoperationalmanagement,therampantillegaloperations,theproblematicrelationsbetweendriversandenterprises,,thetheoreticalcircle,themanagementdepartments,theoperatingcompanies,thedriversandtheconsumersallhaveputforwardtheiropini,standardizethetaximanagementandpromotethehealthydevelopmentofthetaxiindustry,theDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilformedaspecialresearchprojectteamtoexaminethetaxidevelopmentandmanagementinthecitiesofBeijing,Wenzhou,Wuhan,Shenyang,Taiyuan,Chongqing,Guangzhou,staxiindustry,itisbelievedthatindustrialdefinition,regulatorymethods,transferofoperationalright,operationalmodels,illegaltaxis,illegaltaxioperations,andrelationsbetweenenterprisesanddriversarethecoreissuesconcerningthecurrentmanagementanddevelopmentofChinantofthetaxiindustryandpromoteasustained,steadyandhealthydevelopmentoftheindustry,,Chinamusttakeintoaccountthemaximizationofsocialwelfareandstrikeabalanceintheinterestpursuitbetweenallthestakeholders,includingtheconsumers,theoperators,,Chinashouldconsiderthenatureofthetaxioperationalright,thetransferoftheserights,themodelsofindustrialoperationandthemodelsofgovernmentregulation,fromtheperspecteimportantlywemuststudytheissuesconcerningthedevelopmentandmanagementofthetaxiindustryaccordingtothefeaturesofChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopmentatpresentstage,:SupplementtoLarge-CapacityPublicTransportationThedefinitionofthetaxiindustryconstituscurrentnationalconditions,taxisshouldbedefinedasasupplementtothelarge-capacitypublictratransportationsystems(suchasbuses,subwaysandlightrails),,taxisinvolvefairlyhigroadresources,,theproblemssuchasoverpopulation,land,developinglarge-capacitypublictransportationsystemsasapriorityshouldbealong-termstrategyandacco,suchadefinitioncannotdistinguishprioritiesandcanleadtoamisunderstandingthattaxisshouldalsoenjoygo,beforethelarge-capacitypublictransportationsystemsareconstructedandimproved,taxisinmanycitiesandespeciallysmallcitiesareanimportantmeansoftransportationandpl,evenwhenthelarge-capacitypublictransportationsystemsarewelldeveloped,taxisarestillameansofpublictransportationrequiredtomeetthespecialtransportationdemandoftheresidents,suchastransportationtoairports,,asthelarge-capacitypublictransportationsystemshavelimitationsinservicenetworksandoperatinghours,,whiletaxisshouldnotbetakenasthemainmeansofpublictransportation,theyareunsubstitutableandcans,taxisshouldbeincorporatedintotheintegratedtransportationsystemsandespeciallythoseintheurbanareas,:Government-FranchisedOperationRegulatingthetaxiindustrythroughgovernment-franchisedoperationmeansthegovernmentshouldnotonlyregulatethefareandquantityoftaxis,butalsoexercxiindustry,differentcountrieshavedifferentexperience,:,fthetaxiindustrybutalsoontheenvironmentforthedevelopmentofthisindustry.Figure1TheYear-on-yearGDPGrowthRatesinDifferentQuartersduringtheFirstHalvesof2004~2007(%)Source:StateStatisticsBureau(2)GrowthoffixedassetinvestmentdeclinedandpositivechangestookplaceininvestmentstructureInthefirsthalfof2007,,%,yearonyear,%,yearonyear;%.Growthoftheenergy-consuming%.Ofthis,investmentincommunications,transportationandwarehousingaswellasinpostalservice,waterconservancyandmanagementofpublicfacilitiesgrewfast,%%,%%yearonyearrespectively,%intheeasternregion.(3)GrowthofincomesoftheurbanandruralresidentsacceleratedandtheconsumptiondemandrealizedamaximumgrowthInthefirsthalfof2007,theaggregateretailvolumeofthesocialconsumergoodsamountedto4200billionyuan,%,yearonyear,,,%;%.Cont,inhed7052yuan,%afterallowingfortheprice,increasing314yuanfromayearago,%,onsumptiondemandandthusstimulatedthegrowthofthenationaleconomy.(4)GrowthofthenationwidefinancialrevenuesacceleratedAccordingtothestatisticsoftheMinistryofFinance,fromJanuarythroughJune,,%fromayearago,%,%overthepreviousyear;%yearonyear.(5)Therewasanobviousturnaroundinsupplyanddemandformainenergyproducts,withthepricerisefallingbackInthefirsthalfof2007,,%,yearonyear;andtheaccumulativeoutputofrawcoal,%,%%,,importsofthemainenergyproductsincreasedrapidly,,%fromayearagoandthecoalimportgrew44%,yearonyear;%overthepreviousyear;%,therewashalfof2007,thenationaleconomyperformedwellasawhole,whichresulted:Inordertotackletheexcesscashflowandtheoverlyrapidassetpricerise,theCentralBankraisedtheinterestratesforthreetimesrunning;heightenedthedepositreservefundratioforfivetimes;market,taxregulationandcontrolmeasureswereenactedattherighttime,plus,thestatedepartmentsconcernedsuccessivelyimplementedaseriesofmacroregulationpoliciestoencourageimportandlimitexport,especiallytheexportofthehigh-energyconsumptionandhigh-pollutionproducts,adjustedtheexporttaxrefundpolicytoalargeextent,andreducedthetaxrefundratesofpartoftheproductsandincreasedexporttariffsofpartoftheproducts,reducingpollution,theStateCouncilsetuptheleadinggroupforenergysavingandpollutionreductionwork,reformedandimprovedenergysavingsupervisionsystem,promulgatedtheComprehensivePlanforEnergySavingandPollutionReduction,andp,vestmentaswellas5billionyuanfromthecentralfinancialbudgetandanadded10billionyut,thestatecarriedoutthepolicyofexercisingbothprotectionandsuppression,augmentedtheinvestmentinagricultureandinrelevantareasofthetertiaryindustry,strictlycontrolledtheinvestmentinindustriesofoverproduction,highenergyconsumptionandhighpollutantdumping,andrigorouslytooktheenvironmentalprotectionof2007andthisresultwascloselyrelatedtotheimplementationofthemacroregulationpolicies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,"AnalysisoftheChineseMarketSituationintheFirstHalfof2007andForecastontheFutureDevelopment"10-200米Accordingtothestatisticalmethodoninternationalpayment,%in2005,ofwhichtheimportandexportrespectivelyincreasedby28%and18%.Sothemostdirectcauseofthegoodstradesurplusin2005wagrowthandthehugeproductioncapacityduetofastdomesticinvestmentincreasehaveaddedpress,whichareconducivetoexportexpansion,,thechangesintheexpectationofRMBappreciatitionandtheboomingrealestatemarket,someenterprisestransferredoverseascapitalintotheterritorythrough"declaringmorethantheactualexportamount"or"lessthantheactualimportamount"inorde"capitalaccount"tradesurplusincreaseinarelativelylongperiodoftime(2001-2005).Accordingtothecalculationofthecustomsstatistics(SeeTable3),wecandrawthefollowingconclusions,first,privateandforeign-investedenterprisessawfastestincreaseoftradesurplus,con%%;openingofforeigntradeoperationr,intermsofmodeoftrade,processingtradeisth%.ItshowsthatthetradeexpansionduetotheglobalindustrialdistributionchangesandgraduallyintensifieddeepprocessinghaveledtotheconstantincreaseofChina’,country(region)-specific,thegrowthofforeigntradesurplusintheleadingEuropeanandAmericancountriesisamaincauseoftheoverallincrease,%%.Atthesametime,thetradedeficitofJapan,,theRepublicofKorea,,intermsofmaincommodities,commoditiesclassifiedbyrawmaterials,machineryandequipmentandmiscellaneousproductsunderthefinishedindustrialproductsarethemainsourcesoftradesurplus,%,%%.Theyincludethelabor-intensiveproductswithwhichChinahastraditionalcompetitiveedgeaswellasthemachineryproductsmadeunderthemodeofproce,thesustainedsurplushasbeenaresultofChina’sdeepeningofreformandopeningup,traditionalcompetitiveadvantages,industrialtransferoftransnationalc,ithasbeenbroughtaboutbyglobalization.。

    乐奇国际盘口平台ByHanJun,QinZhongchunCuiChuanyi,,ionforConstructingaHarmoniousSocietyinChinaRuralsocialsecuritysystemisasystemestablishedataspecificstageofsocialdevelopmentwithr,farmerswhohavelostland,ordinaryfarmers,ruralhouseholdswitheconomichardship,ruralhouseholdsinseverepoverty,andhouseholdsenjoyingthefiveguarantees(childlessandinfirmoldpeoplewhosefood,clothing,medicalcare,housingandburialexpensesaretakencareofandsubsidizedbythegovernment.).Ruralsocialsecuritysystemusuallyincludestheminimumsubsistenceallowancesforpoverty-strickenfarmers,old-agepensionsystemforordinaryfarmers,socialsecurityforfarmerswhohavelostlandandforfarmerworkers,identityandchangesinthesocialandeconomicconditions,themodeandcontentofrural,integratingitorganicallywithurbansocialsecuritysystem,andgraduallyperfectingthetwoandestablishingaunitedsocialsecuritysystemwithbothhavebecometheinevitablecourseforChinaintheprocessofcoordiotionofsocialfairnessOneoftheimportantbedrocksofsocialistharmonioussocietyistheequalityofrightsandopportunities,whichincludeequalopportunitiesforemploymentandeducation,equalbusinessandfinancingopportunities,,Chinasstandardsocialsecuritysystemonlycoverspartofurbanresidentsofgovernmentsectorsofthesociety,,mostruralhouseholdsstillseek“self-security”fromfamily,dustrialsociety,,inviewofthedevelopmenttendency,itisimperativetoprovidealargenumberoffarmerswithequalopportunitiesandrightsthroughasocialsecuritysystem,,,thenumberofelderlyover60hasexceeded10%ofthetotalruralpopulation,,%epeakofaging,theconstructionsofsocialsafetyandlegalsystemAstheindustrializationandurbanizationproceed,Chinahasenteredaphasewhenvarioussocialcontradictionsbecomeyhavenowenteredtheiroldageinsuccession,andtheevermoreprominentphenomenonofmoreoldpeopleandlessyoungpeoplehasalteredthetraditionalmodeloffamily-basedold-agecare,underwhichruralpeopleusu,ifnotproperlyhandled,,forwhomtheincomeislow,,138millionemployeesworkintownshipenterprisesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whoseemploymentconditionsareunstable,,the,unabletoseekregularemploymentafterlosingtheirland,,everyyearinruralareasthereareabout70millionvictimsofvariousdisastersandover76ionandcontrol,safeguardtherightsandinterestsoffarmersanddisadvantagedgroups,embodyngcoordinateddevelopmentandbridgingthegapbetweenurbanandruralareasTheunevendevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareashasalwaysbeenanoutstandingcontradictioninChinaydevelopment,whensocialandeconomicdevelopmenthasreachedcertainlevels,wecanexpeditethedevelopmentofthebasicsystemofruralold-agepensionandreducethegapbetweenurbanandruralareasandpromotecoordinateddev,Chinahasalreadyenteredastageinwhichindustriespromotethedevel,easesocialcontradictionsthroughsystemandmechanismconstruction,increasefarmers,whichmeansChinahasprimarilylaidthematerialfoundationforiforadvancingtheinitialperiodafterthefoundingofnewChina,theprimarytaskofthePartyandtheGovernmentwastopressforwardrurallandreformsoastoensurefarmerstohavetheirownlandandtocarryoutasysteminruralareaswithfamilysecurityasthedominantformofsocialsrySessionofthe11thCPCCentralCommittee,thestateadoptedaplannedeconomicadministrationsystem,muchattentionhasbeenattachedtopo,ru,generallyspeaking,acompletesystemframeworkhasnottakenshape;easfollows:...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangChenghui,ChenDaofu,(1)OpeningpolicyonmarketaccesstoforeigninstitutionsWhenjoiningtheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO),Chinamadecommitmentsinfiveareasincludingformofincorporation,geographicscope,businessscope,nstitutionsinChinaintheformofjoint-venturecompaniesbutwouldnotbeallowedtohavemorethan50%equityholding;foreignnon-lifeinsurancecompanieswouldbeallowedtoestablishbranches,joint-venturecompaniesandwholly-ownedsubsidiarycompanies.—Thegeographicrestriction,whichhadlimitedforeigninsurancecompaniestoShanghai,Guangzhou,Dalian,ShenzhenandFushanbeforeChinasWTOaccession,,foreigninsurancecompanieswouldbeallowedtoestablishsubsidiariesinanypartofChina.—Withregardtobusinessscope,foreignlifeinsurancecompanies,whichhadbeenlimitedtooperatinglifeinsurancebusinessforforeignersandforChinesewhopersonallypaidpremiums,wouldbeallowedtoprovidepersonallifeinsuranceservice,healthinsurance,groupinsuranceandpension/,whichhadbeenlimitedtooperatingpropertyinsurancebusinessforoverseasenterprisesandoperatingpropertyinsuranceandrelatedliabilityinsurance,creditinsurance,masterpolicyandmajorcommercialinsuranceforforeign-investedenterprisesinChina,wouldbeallowedtooperateallinsurancebusinessesexceptmandatoryinsurancelines(third-partyliabilityinsuranceformotorvehiclesandliabilityinsuranceforthedriversandcarriersofcommercialtransportvehicles).—Foreignreinsurancecompanieswouldbesubjecttoneithertherestrictionontheformofincorporationnortherestrictionongeographiclocationandtherestrictiononthenumberofbusinesslicenses.—Withregardtotheconditionsofincorporation,foreigninsuranceinstitu$200millionintotalassets,higherthanthe10-million-yuanpaid-upcapitalrequiredforaChinesecompany.—Withregardtothequalificationofforeignshareholders,theywouldhavetomeettherequirementsoftotalassetsandbusinesshistory(ashareholdermusthaveoperatedinsurancebusinessformorethan30years,itstotalassetsattheendoftheyearbeforeincorporationapplicationshouldnotbelessthanUS$5billion,andtheapplicanthashadarepresentativeofficeinChinaformorethantwoyears).TheinsuranceindustryhasthesamerequirementforforeigncapitalparticipationinChineseinsurancecompaniesasthebankingindustrydoes,namelytheinvestmentinaChinesefinancialinstitutionbyasingleoverseasfinancialinstitutionshouldnotexceed20%andthetotalshareholdingbyforeigncapitalshouldnotexceed25%.—The20%mandatorycedingtoaChinesereinsurancecompanyatthetimewhenChinajoinedtheWTOwouldbelifted.(2)OpeningpolicyonthecontrolofoperationalactivitiesofinsurancecompaniesWithregardtothecontrolovertheoperationalactivitiesofinsurancecompanies,foreigncompaniesarecurre:—,thebasictermsandpremiumratesofmajorcommercialieterms,ndapprovingthetermsandpremiumratesofmandatoryinsurance,guaranteedinsurancewithaperiodofmorethanoneyear,,%orlower.—,treasurybondsandfinancialbonds,thecommissionalsoallowedinsurancefundstoinvestincorporatebonds,securitiesinvestmentfundsanddirectlyinvestinstockmarkets,,itraisedtheratioofinvestinginsuranceassetsinstockmarketsfrom5%to10%ofthetotalassets,allowedinsurancecompaniestouse15%oftheirtotalassetsforoverseasinvestment,andexpandedthescopeofoverseasinvestmentfromthefixed-earningcategorytoshares,,thecommissionestablishedarelativelyhighthresholdforhigh-riskinvestmentandencouragedsmall-andmedium-sizedinsurancecompaniestocarryoutentrustedinvestmentthrought,mostsmall-andmedium-sizedinsurancecompanieshavenoqualificationfordirectstockinvestmentexceptnineChinese-investedinsuranceassetsmanagementcompaniesandthespecially-approvedAssetManagementCenterofChinaRegionofAmericanInternationalAssuranceCo.,,aninsurancecompanymusthaveatleast10billionyuanintotalassetsandthereforesmall-andmedium-sizedinsurancecompanies,bothChineseandforeign,aredifficulttoacquirethisqualification.—,ChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionpromulgatedtheInterimRegulationsontheAdministrationoftheMinimumSolvencyandRegulatoryIndicatorsofInsuranceCompanies,thusbeginninganexperimentonsolvencyregulation,whichusedtherelativelysimple,EU-typefixedratiomodel,(1)ForeigncapitalparticipationinChinasinsuranceindustryForeigncapitalparticipationinChinasinsuranceindustrywasmainlydoneinthreeforms:branchcompanies,Sino-foreignjoint-venturecompaniesandstrategicinvestors,someforeigncapitalenjoyedthedevelopmentfruitofChinasinsuranceindus,atotalof49foreigninsurancecompaniesfrom15countriesandregionsacrosstheworldhadestablishedatotalof161businessinstitutionsinChina(includingthoseunderpreparation).Table1showsthenumbersofChineseandforeigninsurancecompaniesformallyoperatinginChinasinsurancemarketduringthe2004~%ginChinasInsuranceMarketTaskForceonAnalysisofChinasEconomyintheFirstHalfof2009andProspectsforEconomicPerformanceintheLatterHalfoftheYearThepackageeconomicstimulusprogramformulatedbytheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhasachievedremarkablesuccessinstabilizingth,however,hasnotbeensolidandmoreattentionshouldbegiventosuchprobinthemid-and-longrun,weneedtoenhancethesustainabilityanackageeconomicstimulusprogramoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCounciltakingeffectgradually,remarkablesucivefactorsaftertheSinceNovember2008,inaccordancewiththerequirementthatweactfast,beforceful,taketargetedmeasuresandstressimplementation,thegovernmen,theCentralGovernmenthasarrangedaninvestmentof908billionyuan,,moretha,therateofdisbursementofthefundsinfullexceeded64%andtherateofdisbursementoftheinvestmentfundsbudgetedbytheCentralGovernmentreached94%.Increaseofinvestmentinbringingsupportandbenefittofarmersandinimprovingpeopleslivelihoodandaseriesofmovesaimedatpromotingemploymentandrevitalizingtheindustrieshavecre,thebroadmoneysupplygrewby25%,beingnearly,tandeffectivelyexpandedChinasdomesticdemandandalleviatedthes,theglobaleconomiccrisisandeconomicregulationwillaffecttheemploymentandincomeexpectationsoftheres,sincethebeginningofthisyear,theactu,thea%and10%respectively,,thetotalretailsalesofsocialconsumergoodsroseby15%andwereabout2percentagepointshigher,thechangeoftheshort-termincomewillhavelessinfluenceonhouseholdconsumptionandthatsolongasthepolicyisproperlyadjusted,therinvestmentisadesirableobjectivetobeachievedbythegovernmentthroughincreaseofinvestme,notonlydidtheinvestmentmadebythestateandstate-holdingenterprisesgrowfast,buttheinvestmentmadebyotherenterprises,includingcollectively-owned,self-employedandprivately-operatedenterprises,%.Thehallmarkfactisthatsalesofrealestateandautomobiles,twomajorleadingindustries,havegrownatanacceleratedpace,,%,yearonyear,%ntspeededupmonthbymonthfrom1%duringJanuaryandFebruaryto12%,,respectively,up11%and14%,,thenumberofmanufacturedandsoldautomobilesgrewby29%and24%sexportcommoditiesFromJanuarytoMay,China,afterallowingforpricerises,,theimportandexportcargohandlingcapacityofChina%,,themarketshareoccupiedbyChinasexportcomm,theproportionofChina%,,andtheproportionofChina%ofallJapansimports,,theproportionofChina%,,themomentumoftheChinescentagepointshigherthanthatinthefirstquarterandtheaccumulativegrowthratewillbeslightlyhigherthan7%inthefirsthalfoftheyear.12bet PT大蓝游戏重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,——Basedonaquestionnaireon230pharmaceuticalenterprisesByWeiJigang,,sPharmaceuticalIndustryCommonlyacknowledgedintheworldasahi-techindustrywithgreatdevelopmentprospects,thepharmaceuticalindustryischaracteristicoffastgrowth,enormousinvestment,substantivereturns,highrisks,highdegreeofinternationalization,markedeffectsofscaleeconomy,significantspillovereffects,sRepublicofChinain1949,andespeciallyovertherecent20-oddyearsafterthecountryinitiatedthepolicyofreformandopening-up,China,Chinahasbecomeamajorproducerandexporterofrawmedicinesandtheb,Chinaindependentlydevelopedsomeinnovativedrugs1withinternationalinfluences,spharmaceuticalindustryasawhole,however,hasnotmovedtoanot,ithascontributedfewpatentmedicineswithproprietaryintellectualpropertyright(IPR)andnoinnovativedrugwithinternationalinfluencesinthe,amongthe212brandsofchemicalmedicineswithproprietaryIPRwhichpassedexaminationandapprovalbetween2003and2005,,s230pharmaceuticalenterprisesjointlyconductedbytheResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theEconomicConstructionDepartmentoftheMinistryofFinance,andtheDepartmentofIndustryandTransportStatisticsoftheNationalBureauofStatisticsofChinain2006hasalsorevealedthatonly3percentoftheseenterprisescountedthemselvesashavingcarriedoutorarecarryingoutdevelopmentofmedicinesthatwere‘new,competitioninthepharmaceuticalindustryhasbecomeincreasinglyintenseanddevelopmentofnewmedicineshasbecomeoneofthefocumentofnewmedicinesforthepurittletoxiceffects,minimalsideeffectsandreasonableprice,itwillbeverydifficultforChinaspharmaceuticalindustrytoachiev,theshareoflocalproduce,overhalfoftheChinesepharmaceuticalmarkethasbeentakarmaceuticalindustryfromthestrategicperspectiveofmaintaovationin230pharmaceuticalenterprisesinthecountry,andbytakingintoaccountthemechanismsandsystemscurrentlyservingtheindustrysdevelopment,thispapertriestoanalyzethemainfactorsleadingtotheextremelyinsufficienteffortsoninnovationinChinasph:extremeshortagesoffund,technologyandmanpower,andinappropriateorganizationInordertoinventnewmedicines,apharmaceuticalenterprisehastoputinandrationallyintegratemanykeyelementsincludingfund,technology,manpower,oftheinnovationprocess.(1)spharmaceuticalindustryisnotonlywellbelowthatofdevelopedcountries,,theintensityhasbeendecreasingcontinuouslyinrecentyears,,2006,theRDexpenditureofBritain,andthecorrespondingfiguresinFrance,Japan,,,theRDintensityofthepharmaceutica,market,,therewasnotasinglepharmaceuticalenterpriseintheworld,however,,ChinaspharmaceuticalindustrysufferedacontinuousdeclineinRDintensity,sPharmaceuticalIndustryAccordingtotheindicessuchastheproportionofoverseasturnoversinthecompany’stotalturnovers,globalresourcesdistributionandoperationalcapability,enterprises’overseasoperationcouldbeclassifiedintothreestages–internationalized,,throughitspreliminarystudy,holdsthatChina’senterpriseswithoverseasoperationarebasicallyattheprimaryinternationalizedstage,asmallportionofenterpriseshasstartedtheirtransnationaloperation,andofthem,a’sentelizedoperationsarewidelydistributedamongtheindustries,andsomehighlyexport-orientedenterprisesinallindustriesarealmostatthisstage,alindustries,manyenterprises’proportionsoftheiroverseasmarkethavegrownconsiderably,manyenterpriseshavetheirownindependentdepartmentsresponsibledirectlyfortheirexports,andsomeenterpriseshavetheirownoverseasm’senergy,steel,andchemicalindustries,somelarge-scaleenterpriseshaveinvestedinoverseasresourcebases,manyenterprisesareconductingexportandoverseasoperations,,telecommunicationsandtrade,somelarge-scalecompanieshavemanyoverseasnetworkoutletsandbusinessactivities,theirmainbusinesses,however,ibutedintheindustrieswhicharehighlyinternationalizedandinwhichChina’senthaveaccountedforabigproportionoftotalbusinesses,andtheyhaveestablishedtheirmarketingser,electronic,’senterprisesinthiscategoryareusuallyhighlycompetitiveonthematuredoverseasmiddleandlow-grademarket,,andtheamountanddepthoftheiroverseasmarketingandmanufacturingnetworks,asmallnumberoflargeenterprisesinChina’sIT,electronicandelectromechanicalindusbalresources,however,theseenterprises,Huawei,TCLandHaierintheITandelectronicindustriesandWanxiangintheautomobilepartsindustryareactuallypioneeringenterprisesinthemoveofChina’,Lenovo,TCLandHaierhaveallcarriedoutmergerandacquisitionactivitiesontheoverseasmarket,andWanxianghasbeguntomakeinvestmentoverseasfrom1992andhasacquir’sEnterprisesCarryoutTransnationalMergerandAcquisition:AnObservationandPreliminaryAnalysisTransnationalMAisanimportantwayforente,China’senterprises,especiallyforthoseenterprisesintheautomobile,IT,electronic,energyandsteelindustries,lytoobtainnaturalresources,andtransnationalMAbyenterprisesintheautomobi,particularlyMAactivitiesforthepurposeofobtainingnaturalresources,themajorityofdomesticpeoplecouldunderstandtheirmotivationsandconditions,,becausetheymainlytargetattheoverseasmarketandmainlyacquireintangibleassetssuchasbrands,channelsandRDteams,orinotherwords,softassets,peopleinCmarketshares,includingthehigh-endmarketshare,’businessoperationsbyChineseenterprisesisa"frog-leap",andthenormalprocessshouldbeexports→establishmentofoverseasmarketingnetworks→establishmentofoverseasplants→ionalMAbyChineseenterprisesismainlytoacquiremarket(clients,channels),andthenstrategicassets(includingtechnology,brands,localservicecapability,manufacturingcapability,intellectualpropertyrightsandRDcapability)andefficiencyoflargescaleproduction(synergeticeffect).ThoseMAactivitiesaremainlyMAintermsofstockandassets,butinessence,ghtrelationshipafterMA,andtheseniormanagementsfrombothpartiesjointlyformtheseniormanagementofthenewcompany,anditismainlya"friendlyMA."TheWanxiangCompanyintheautomobilepartsindustryconductedseveraloverseasMA,forexpandingandaccumulatingknowledgeabouttheoverseasmarket,China’slargeenterprises’overseasoperations,China’slargeenterprisesconductoverseasMAmainlyaimedatobtainingmarketshareandstrategicassets,andimprovingefficiency(SeeTable2),whichenjoythesimilarmotivationoftheITenterprises’,particularlyadvancedenterprisesamongthem,begintoconductoverseasMAbeforebuildingastrongerfootholdonthedomesticmarketThepreliminaryanalysisofChina’sITenterprisesfoundthattherearethreemajorreasonsforChina’senterprisestobegintransnationalMAbeforebecomingstrongeronthedomesticmarket:China’senterprises’certaincomparativeadvantagesinsomefields,strategicchoiceconformtothechangesinindustrialenvironment,andtheawarenessandentrepreneurshiptoseizetheglobalizedopportunities.Accordingtotheindicessuchastheproportionofoverseasturnoversinthecompany’stotalturnovers,globalresourcesdistributionandoperationalcapability,enterprises’overseasoperationcouldbeclassifiedintothreestages–internationalized,,throughitspreliminarystudy,holdsthatChina’senterpriseswithoverseasoperationarebasicallyattheprimaryinternationalizedstage,asmallportionofenterpriseshasstartedtheirtransnationaloperation,andofthem,a’sentelizedoperationsarewidelydistributedamongtheindustries,andsomehighlyexport-orientedenterprisesinallindustriesarealmostatthisstage,alindustries,manyenterprises’proportionsoftheiroverseasmarkethavegrownconsiderably,manyenterpriseshavetheirownindependentdepartmentsresponsibledirectlyfortheirexports,andsomeenterpriseshavetheirownoverseasm’senergy,steel,andchemicalindustries,somelarge-scaleenterpriseshaveinvestedinoverseasresourcebases,manyenterprisesareconductingexportandoverseasoperations,,telecommunicationsandtrade,somelarge-scalecompanieshavemanyoverseasnetworkoutletsandbusinessactivities,theirmainbusinesses,however,ibutedintheindustrieswhicharehighlyinternationalizedandinwhichChina’senthaveaccountedforabigproportionoftotalbusinesses,andtheyhaveestablishedtheirmarketingser,electronic,’senterprisesinthiscategoryareusuallyhighlycompetitiveonthematuredoverseasmiddleandlow-grademarket,,andtheamountanddepthoftheiroverseasmarketingandmanufacturingnetworks,asmallnumberoflargeenterprisesinChina’sIT,electronicandelectromechanicalindusbalresources,however,theseenterprises,Huawei,TCLandHaierintheITandelectronicindustriesandWanxiangintheautomobilepartsindustryareactuallypioneeringenterprisesinthemoveofChina’,Lenovo,TCLandHaierhaveallcarriedoutmergerandacquisitionactivitiesontheoverseasmarket,andWanxianghasbeguntomakeinvestmentoverseasfrom1992andhasacquir’sEnterprisesCarryoutTransnationalMergerandAcquisition:AnObservationandPreliminaryAnalysisTransnationalMAisanimportantwayforente,China’senterprises,especiallyforthoseenterprisesintheautomobile,IT,electronic,energyandsteelindustries,lytoobtainnaturalresources,andtransnationalMAbyenterprisesintheautomobi,particularlyMAactivitiesforthepurposeofobtainingnaturalresources,themajorityofdomesticpeoplecouldunderstandtheirmotivationsandconditions,,becausetheymainlytargetattheoverseasmarketandmainlyacquireintangibleassetssuchasbrands,channelsandRDteams,orinotherwords,softassets,peopleinCmarketshares,includingthehigh-endmarketshare,’businessoperationsbyChineseenterprisesisa"frog-leap",andthenormalprocessshouldbeexports→establishmentofoverseasmarketingnetworks→establishmentofoverseasplants→ionalMAbyChineseenterprisesismainlytoacquiremarket(clients,channels),andthenstrategicassets(includingtechnology,brands,localservicecapability,manufacturingcapability,intellectualpropertyrightsandRDcapability)andefficiencyoflargescaleproduction(synergeticeffect).ThoseMAactivitiesaremainlyMAintermsofstockandassets,butinessence,ghtrelationshipafterMA,andtheseniormanagementsfrombothpartiesjointlyformtheseniormanagementofthenewcompany,anditismainlya"friendlyMA."TheWanxiangCompanyintheautomobilepartsindustryconductedseveraloverseasMA,forexpandingandaccumulatingknowledgeabouttheoverseasmarket,China’slargeenterprises’overseasoperations,China’slargeenterprisesconductoverseasMAmainlyaimedatobtainingmarketshareandstrategicassets,andimprovingefficiency(SeeTable2),whichenjoythesimilarmotivationoftheITenterprises’,particularlyadvancedenterprisesamongthem,begintoconductoverseasMAbeforebuildingastrongerfootholdonthedomesticmarketThepreliminaryanalysisofChina’sITenterprisesfoundthattherearethreemajorreasonsforChina’senterprisestobegintransnationalMAbeforebecomingstrongeronthedomesticmarket:China’senterprises’certaincomparativeadvantagesinsomefields,strategicchoiceconformtothechangesinindustrialenvironment,andtheawarenessandentrepreneurshiptoseizetheglobalizedopportunities.TianJietangThecreationandprotectionofproprietaryintellectualpropertiesinlinewithsystemsengineeringrequirestheactivecooperationfromallgovernmentdepartments,whichshouldjointlyenhancetheirintellectualpropertyawarenessandintroducemeasuresforintellectualpropertymanagementsoastoensuretalscienceandtechnologyprogramsanddevelopthehigh-techindustriesandtoplayd,thesedepartmentsshouldstrengthenintellectualpropertymanagementandintroduceintogyWiththegradualestablishmentandcontinuousimprovementofitsintellectualpropertysystem,Chinahasmadetangibleprogressinadjustingstrategicprinciples,improvinglawsandregulationsandhighlightingintellectualpropertymanagementinimplementingthenationalscienceandtechn,theLawonProgressofScienceandTechnologywhichwasadoptedin1993andamendedin2007clearlydefinedtheownership,applicationandtransferoftheintellectualpropertiesofthe,Article20provides:"Theauthorizedprojectundertakersarelegallyentitledtotheinventionpatents,thecomputersoftwarecopyrights,theexclusiverightsofintegratedcircuitlayoutdesignsandthenewplantvarietyrightsformedbytheprojectsofthescienceandtechnologyfoundationsorthescienceandtechnologyprogramsestablishedwithfiscalfunds,exceptthoseinvolvingstatesecurity,nationalinterestsandmajorsocialandpublicinterests."Article21provides:"ThestateencouragestheprioruseinChinaoftheintellectualpropertiesformedbytheprojectsofthescienceandtechnologyfoundationsorthescienceandtechnologyprogramsestablishedwithfiscalfunds."Intheareaofregulations,theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncil,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologyandotherdepartmentshavepromulgatedmanyregulationsanddocuments,includingtheGuidelinesontheStrengtheningoftheProtectionandManagementoftheScienceandTechnology-RelatedIntellectualProperties,theRegulationsontheManagementoftheIntellectualPropertiesoftheResearchResultsoftheProjectsoftheNationalScienceandTechnologyProgramsandtheRegulationsontheStrengtheningoftheManagementofthetiesoftheresearchresultsofthenationalscienceandtechnologyprogramsandcontainedclearandspecificrequirementsfortheintellectualpropertyworkonallmaopertiesoftheprogramprojectsconstitutedadynamicimpetustodrasticallyincreasingtheoutputofproprietaryintellectualpropertiesinimplementingtheprojectsofChina,regionalscienceandtechno,Shanghai,Fujian,ZhejiangandotherplaceshaveallintroducedrelevantlawsandregulationstostandprogramsarerelativelysoundandintellectualpropertyoutputsarevisiblyhigherInaccordancewiththeabove-mentionedlawsandregulations,thescienceandtechnologydepartmentshaveincorporatedthecontentsofintellectualpropertymanagementintothemanagementsystemsandprojectcontractsofallscienceandtechnologyprograms,putforwardthetargetrequirementsforintellectualpropertyoutputsanddefinedtheintellectualpropertymanagementresponsibilitiesofthemanagementunits,projectundertakingunitsandprojectparticipantsofthescienceandtechnologyprogramsinthelinksofprojectapplication,acceptance,evaluation,,theintellectualpropertyoutputsofthemainscienceandtechnologyprograms,including"863","973","Gongguan"(meaningtacklethehard-nuttopics)and"Huoju"(meaningtorch),%%(BasedontheOutlineoftheNationalIntellectualPropertyStrategy,IntellectualPropertyPublishingHouse,2008).evaluation,rewardingandaffirmationsystemsIntheirpracticalwork,thescienceandtechnologydepartmentshavegraduallyincorporatedtheintellectualpropertytargetsintotheevaluation,affirmationandre-examinationofthehigh-techindustrialdevelopmentzones,thecorporatetechnologicalcentersandthekeylaboratories,andtakentheamountofintellectualpropertyownershipandtherelatedprotectionandmanagementsystemsasanimportantcriterionforthestatusaffirmationofhi,thereformoftheownershipsystemoftheresearchinstitutionsintransitionandtheexperimentonequity-basedincentiveshaveactivelyimplementedtheintellectualpropertyrewardpoliciesandgradu,theRegulationsontheManagementoftheAffirmationoftheHigh-TechEnterprisesamendedin2008emphasizesthattheenterprisesmusthaveproprietaryintellectualpropertiesoverthecoretechnologiesoftheirmainproducts(services).Otherwise,dthenumberofintellectualpropertieshasincreasedmarkedlyTheenterprises,researchinstitutions,universitiesandotherinnoionappliedfor15,020patentsin2007,%,521inventionpatentsduringthe1998~2007period,,theChinese-investedenterprisesbasedinthenationalhigh-techindustrialdevelopmentzonesappliedfor55,252patents,ofwhich29,166wereinventionpatentapplications,andaccountedforover70%ofthetotalinventionpatentapplications(BasedontheOutlineoftheNationalIntellectualPropertyStrategy,IntellectualPropertyPublishingHouse,2008).rtytransactionsThestatisticaldataoftheChinaTechnologyMarketManagementPromotionCenterindicatethatatotalof220,,109,%ofthenumberoftotalnationaltransactionsinvolvedtheintellectualpropertiesofpatents,,%%,76,,%%ofthenumberandvalueoftotalnationaltransactions;27,,%%ofthenumberandvalueoftotalnationaltransactions;thetransactionsoftechnologycontractsinvolvingtherightsofnewbio-pharmaceuticalvarieties,therightsofnewanimalandplantvarietiesandtheex%,%%overthepreviousyear(BasedonthearticleentitledRapidDevelopmentofChinasTechnologyMarketin2007,PatentStatisticalBulletinoftheStateIntellectualPropertyOffice,Issue16,2008)....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByHouYongzhiSunZhiyan,Departm,2008Theoilandgaspriceshavestayedatahighlevelinrecentyears,whichhves,,,whileexperiencingswiftindustrializationandurbanization,,Chinabadlyneedstospeedupthetransformationofthemodeofdevelopmentforitsoilandgasindustrysothatitcanrealizeanunconventional,nasoilandga,therelevantChineseenterprisesareneitherlargeinscaleandnorstrongincompakenedduetothechangeinthecompetitionsituationandhavefoundthemselv,oilandgashavebecomeChinassecondmajorenergy,,,ocialdevelopment,Chinamustcontinuetoexpandthescaleofthisindustryandforcethisindustrytoformnewcuttingedgesandboostitscorecompetitivenesssothattheindustrycancat,mostoftheoilenterprisesarebesetwithahostofseriousproblems:thecontinuousriseinthedegreeofexplorationanddevelopmentoftheoilandgasbasinshasresultedinacontinuousincreaseinthecostofproduction,agrowinglyshortercycleofdevelopmentofoilrefineryandnewoilandchemicalproducts,andarapiddevelopmentofthehigh-tech,,ltinationaloilcompanies,over80%oftheadvancedoilandpetrocindustrybyimportingtechnologiesfromothercountries,,akeystepforChinatoexpandtheindustrialscaleandincreasethecorecompetitivenessistorapidlyenhan,breakthroughsmnhanceitscapacityforintegratingthecoeavyinvestment,highrisk,longcycleofreturnandhighuncertaintyandastheresearchanddevelopmentinthisfieldishighlyexternally-related,abreakthrough,oncemade,canacceleratethetechnologicalupgradingofoneorseveralindustri,theenterprisesarenotsoenthusiasticabouttheresearchanddevelopmentinthagesandoccupyimportantpositionsthatcann,ChinashouldrelyonPetroChina,Sinopec,CNOOCandotherlargestate-o,ChinashouldrationallyarrangetheownershipofgeneraltechnologiesandgenerictechnologiesandpromotetechnologysharingamongthedomesticenterprisesinthesameindustryinordertoenhancetheoverallcompetitivenessofChina,Chinashouldencouragethedomesticenterprisestoformalliancesfor"pre-competitionresearchanddevelopment".Byformingsuchalliances,institutionsandplatformsforlong-termandstablejointdevelopmentcanbeestablishedandclosecooperationbetweentheenterprisesinthesameindustrycanbestrengthenedinthefie,Chinashouldformulatemorerelevantpolicies,inlightoftheeconomicandtechnologicalcharacteristicsoftheoilandgasindustryandtheuniquefeaturesoftheinternationalcompetition,,thestateshouldintroducecorporate-orientedfinancialandtaxpolicies,especiallythestimulationpolicies,intheupstreamareaofprospectinganddevelopmenttechnologies,andgiveprioritysupporttothenationaloilenterprisestoinnovatetechnologiesthatcanboostexploration,developmentandextractionrate,andinparticulartodeve,Chinashouldstrengthenthemanagementroductsandtechnologies(mainlyatthedownstreamoftheoilandgasindustry),Chinashouldnotonlyintroducepoliciesthatofferfinancialandtaxincentivestoenterprisesbutalsointroducemoreconsumer-orientedstimulationpoliciesinlightofthestrategicrequirementsofthecountrysenergypoliciessothatrationalconsumptionwillguidetheenterprisestoinnovatethetechnologiesforcleanandrenewableenergyproducts,enhancetheuseefficiencyofoilproductsandprovideotherindustrieswithevencleanerenergies.、12bet PT大蓝游戏用户至上利来w66登陆LiJiange,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqun,LiJianweiHanJunSinceJanuary2007,investmenthasmountedupagainataslowerpace,consumptionhasbecomeincreasinglybrisk,,,economicgrowthhasacceleratedatahigherlevel,,affectedbytheover-cashflow,stockmarkethanvestment,consumption,housingmarketandstockmarket,formingacontradictionagainstthepolicytargetofstabili,aseriesofmeasureshavebeenadoptedtocontroltheincreaseofinvestmentandexport,stabilizemonetaryandfinancialenvironment,aswellasstrengthentheconstructionandsupervisionofthestockmarketandrelevantrulesandregulations,,itispredictedthatgrowthofdemandwilltendtobestable,accelerationofeconomicgrowthwillbebroughtundercontrolduringt,EconomicGrowthWillTendtoBeStableataHigherLevelItcanbeseenfromwithintheyearthatwhathasbeencrucialtothelevelofeconomicgrowthismainlythedevelopmentspeedrelatedtoinvestment,,itispredictedthatdemandforinvestment,,andtherewillbelittlepossibilityforinvestmentreboundSinceJanuary2007,,%,yearonyear,%year-on-yearinMay;,aswemaythink,:first,,growthofinvestmentdroppe%nstructionundertakings,,,%yearonyear,,~2006,fixedassetinvestmentgrewby26%annually,,,%,,,thenumberofindustrieswithanoverproductioncapacityhasexpanded,thebottleneckrestrictiononbasicindustrieshasbeennotablyrelieved,,themarketcompetitionisfierce,theanticipatedrateofreturnsfrominvestmentbyrealeconomiesisnothigh,,thePurchaseManagementIndex(PMI)refrolofproperavailabilityoflandandcreditandtheimprovementofmarketaccesssystemaretakingshapegraduallyinrecentyears,,suchasalternationoflocalgovernmentsandtheforthcoming17thNationalCongressoftheChineseCommunistParty,theCentralGovernmenthasalwaysstressedthatfixedassetinvestmentshouldbebroughtunderstrictcontrolfromitsovergrowth,afirmcontrolshouldbekeptontheproperavailabilityoflandandcreditandtheimprovementofmarketaccesssystem,andstrictmeasuresshouldbetakenagainstseriouslaw-violatingpractices,whichhasthushelpedotheannualeconomicgrowthSincethebeginningoftheyear,consumptionhasremainedbriskanditsroleasa,incomeexpectancyandfamilybudget,therewillbenoconspicuousupsanddowns,onspicuousinfluenceontheeconomicgrowthwithintheyear,upgradingoftheconsumptionstrusince1998wasthatupgradingofdomesticconsumptionstructurehadnotstarted;whereasfrom2001onwardstheincreasinglydynamicconsumptiondemandismainlyattributedtotheupgradingstructureofconsumptiontowardtheimprovementoflivingandtravelingconditions....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.sCaredaboutMostbythePublicSincetheestablishmentofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,especiallysincethereformandopeningup,greatachievementshavebeenmadeinthedevelopmentofChinaay;seniorhighschooleducationandvocationaleducationhavebeenpopularizedconsiderably,,thereisnodenyingthat,undertheinfluenceofvariousfactors,problemsdoexistinChinaseducationalfieldthatmeritattentionandsom:evenandthereisaworldofdifferenceinconditionsavailableforrunningschools;,teachingmethodsandtheexaminationandevaluationsystemarenotreasonable,theschoolassignmentsforprimaryandmiddleschoolstudentsareoverloadedandthequality-orientededucationhasnotbeenpracticedtothefull;,whichishardtoadapttosocialdemandsandmeettherequirementofthestudentsfortheirpersonalgrowth;izetheirfee-collectingbehaviors,thusplacinganoverlyheavyfinancialburdenonmanyfamilies;,evencorruptionandmalfeasanceoccurinenrollingstudentsthroughexaminations,licandhamperedthesocialharmony,buthavealsoproducedcon,theeducationalreformanddevelopmenttobecarriedoutoverafutureperiodoftimeshouldbeorientedtowardtheresolutionofthoseoutstandingproblemstopavethyEducationTheguidelineofpromotingtheequalizeddevelopmentofthecompulsoryeducationamongandwi,whatmeritsmoreattentionisthedisequilibriumwithinvariousregions,"schoolselection"andtheoverlyheavyburdensonprimaryandmiddleschoolstudentscurrentlycaredaboutmostbythepublicarecloselyrelatedtothisdisequilibriumandhaveresultedinvariousdistortionsandcorruptpractices,,projectfundsinparticular,oolsandcaninfactbedirectlyorindirectlylinkedtoteachers,thecoreproblemshouldbesolvedinstitutionally,or,policiesregarding"computer-aidedallocationsystemforschoolenrolment"and"attendingschoolslocally",ses;onthepremiseofstandardizingcriteriaforrunningschools,thecapitalconstructionandequipment-orientedinvestmentshouldfirstlygotoschoolsthathavenotliveduptothestandards;theunifiedplanningshouldbestrengthenedandtheblindexpansionandconstructionofschoolsshouldbebroughtunderrigorouscontrol;andthetranspa,thefinancialmanagementinschoolsshouldbeconductedrigorously,thelimitforincomeandexpenditureofprimaryandmiddleschoolsandtherelatedstandardsshouldbeclarified,,somelocalitieshaveachievedgoodresultsbybringingthefinancialaffairsofprimaryandmiddleschoolsunderthecentralizedmanagementofcountygovernments,whichcanbepopularizedinvariouslocalitiesonthebasisofsumminguptherelevantexperiences;inviewoftheparticularitiesofcompulsoryeducation,itshouldbeexplicitlyprovidedthatanycharges,suchas"schoolselectionfees"and"temporaryschoolingcollectedfromstudentswithoutlocalresidence",,olleadersandteacherstotaketurnsonaregularbasiswithintheirownregionsinconnectionwiththeguaranteeandstandardizationofteacherssalariesandthiellAtpresent,amongorwithinvariousregions,dispariothedifferentiatio,importancesho:firstly,theeconomicandsocialdevelopmentwillsoonerorlaterbring,itisquitenecessarytolayagoodfoundationthroughequalizeddevelopmentforthefutureins,theproblemssuchas"schoolselection"thathavecroppedupcurrentlyduringtheperiodofcompulsoryeducationhaveallyaggravated,thetargetofrealizingtheequalizeddevelopmentofcompulsoryeducationwillinevitablybeheldincheckanditwouldbecomedifficulttosolvesuchproblemsas"schoolselection"duringtheperiodofcompulsoryeducationandthe"schoolselection"duringthesecon,theseniormiddlescho,someschoolscanbeallowedtoofferselectivecoursescloselylinkedtostudentsinterestsan,importanceshouldstillbeplacedontheequalizeddevelopmentintermsofthebasicschoolconditionsandthenumberofqualifiedteachers....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByZhangJunkuoResearchReportNo047,2006Theimportanceofcompetitiononraisingeconomicefficiencyandim’sreformandopening-upisthatwhereverthestatemonopolyisbrokenandcompetitionisintroduced,vitalitywillbeinjected;theproductandservicequalitywillbeimproved;whereverthestatemonopolyismaintained,theproductandservicequalityareno,economicpracticehasalsoprovedthattheimprovementofeconomicefficiencyisnotonlydeterminedbytheopeningofaccessandintroductionofcompetition,,orderlyandfairmarketcompetitionisc,disorderlyandunfaircompetitionwilldamageeffectivenessofmarketmechanism,,maintainingasoundcompetitionorderi,howtoguaranteeasufficient,orderlyandfairmarketc,competitionpoChangesTheoretically,,regulations,,regulations,policyand,inadditiontothecompetitionpolicyinanarrowsense,suchpolicyalsoinvolvesthepoliciesofprivatization,deregulation,subsidy,internationaltradeandforeigninvestmentpolicies,eandimp,themainfactorsrestrictingthemarketcompetitionmayvarywithdifferenteconomicsystems,differentstagesofe,fordevelopedWesterncountrieswherethemarketsystemsaremoremature,legalsystemsaremorecompleteandgovernmentconductsaremorestandardized,theproblemsinadministraelargesizeofenterprises,theprobleminbusinessmonopolyisusuallyprominent,andthefocu,theessentialproblemisobviouslynottocheckunfaircompetitionorbusinessmonopoly,astheeconomyisbasicallybuiltontheplannedeconomy,whichismonopolizedbythestate,are,first,hoketeconomy,theproblemssuchasnon-standardizedmarketentities,unfaircompetition,includingmisuseofdominantpositioninthemarket,monopolyagreementsandmarketconcentration,theywouldobviouslybecomeaprominentproblemthatneedstobestressedbythecompet,foraneconomyinthecourseofsystemictransformation,,theproblemsthatfacepromotingand(forinstance,intheearlyperiodofsystemictransformation),themainissueisnottotacklebusinessmonopoly,buttoinentanti-monopolylaws,buttotransfergovernmentfunctions,establishmarketrulesandreformcorporatesystems,fChina’sReformBeforetheimplementationofreformandopening-uppolicyin1978,’;,,,in1978,morethan77%oftheindustrialoutputvaluewascontributedbythestate-ownedenterpriseswhilecollectivefirmsturnedoutmorethan22%.,,,Chinastartedtoimplementthemarket-orientedpolicyofreformandopening-up,thecorecontentwastochangetheplannedsystem,,manyofthereformpolicies,suchasderegulatingandgivingupthecontrolofmandatoryplans,reformingstate-ownedenterprises,developingprivateenterprisesandlooseningthepricecontrol,,,,,thecountryisfacingexcessivecompetition,notinadequatecompetition.、DVORByZhangChenghui,ResearchInstituteofFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo030,hmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemhasbeenstudiedforoveradecade,buttherehasbeennosubsTheargumentshavefocusedonthefollowingissues.(1)Iscatastropheinsuranceapolicy-orientedorcommercialsystemHowdowedefinethegovernmentfunctionsinacatastropheinsurancesystemDoesthegovernmentthatestablishesacatastropheinsurancesystemhavetocontributefundsandifsoinwhatwaytomakecontributionsAretheinsurancecompaniesengagedincatastropheinsuranceandthegeneralpublicpurchasingcatastropheinsuranceentitledtopo,ranceandthatexcessdependenceongovernmentsupportmeansthisinsuranceisequivalenttoadirectfiscaldisasterreliefandthesystemdesignwillbecomemeaningless.(2)HowdothegovernmentdepartmentscoordinatewitheachotherWhichgovernmentdepartmentshouldexerciseleadershipoverestablishingcatastropheinsuran,theinsuranceregulatorydepartment,thecivilaffairsdepartment,theprofessionalmanagementdepartments(suchasthoseinchargeofearthquakeadministration,meteorologicaladministration,oceanicadministrationandtheMinistryofWaterResources),theNationalDisasterReductionCommission,disciplinesanddepartments,itrequiresnotonlyclearguidelinesandreliabledesigns,,itwilllacktherequiredauthorityandabilitytocoordinate;butifanadministrativeinstitutionoftheStateCouncildoesthejob,snationalconditionsManyofthepastresearchesaredevotedtothei,,designedforaspecificcatastropheorfordiversecatastrophesShoulditcoverthewholecountryorbeginwithjustoneprovinceHowtoensurethesystemtobebothscientificandoperableWhichoperationalmodelandriskdiversificationmodeshacatastrophefundorthemodelofacatastrophereinsurancecompanyandshoulditendowthereycountriesindicatethatthecoretasksofaca,andtheiroperationshavematuremodels,includingthenonprofitinstitutionalgovernancestructure,,,manyofthemhavebecomeadministrativeonesandhaveastrongimpulseforself-expansio,,whattypeofinstitutionsshouldexerciseleadershipoverthecatastropheinsurancesystemWhiledirectgovernmentmanagementisapparentlyimproper,for-profitcoanagementinstitutionisestablishedtodothejob,howcanweeffectivelycontainitsimpulseforscaleexpansionandrationallycontrolitsoperatingcostsoastomakethecatastropheinsurdingtoChinasnationalconditionsComparedwithothercountries,Chinahassomeuniquecharacteristics,,Chinaisavastcountry,,Sichuan,Qinghai,Tibetandotherplacesinthewestregiona,rainstorms,mudflowsandothernaturaldisastersthathitt,notonlythegeneralpublichasahighacceptanceofinsuranceproducts,butalsohasagreatercapacitytoadoptadvanceddisasterprevent,asthedevelopedregionshaveahighpopulationdensityandahighassetsvalue,,wecannotsimplyc,wecannotintroduceuniformfeerate,weshoulddesignascientificandrationalcatastropheinsurance,theinsuranceindustryasawholeisunderdeveloiseforcatastropheriskmanagementmakesitimpossibletomobilizethe,thepublicpreparednessfornaturaldisastersisverylow,theinfrastructurefordisasterpreventionandlossreductionisunavailable,andsomemeasuresfo,Chinafindsitdifficulttorelyoncommercial,whichhasauthorityandcoordinatingability,shouldexerciseleadershipovertheestablishmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemandshoulde,,skdiversification,,itisnecessarytoadoptacompulsoryorsemi-compulsorymarketingapproach.Source:The2006dataoriginatedfromLiFeng:ChinasPolicyFrameworkforRenewableEnergies,ChinaRenewableEnergyAssociation,;the2005dataoriginatedfromtheLongandMedium-TermPlanfortheDevelopmentofRenewableEnergies,,,thegrowth%and94%.Asthegrowthofthecoalpower-generatingcapacityalsorosesharply,theshareofthepower-generatingcapacityofrenewab~2007,Chinastotalpower-generati%%ofthecountry,hydropowergeneratingcapacitywasrespectively128millionKWand145millionKW,%%;%%(powergenerationaccountedforabout2%);%%.Comparedwiththeworldaveragelevel,Chinaspowergenerationwithrenewableenergiesaccountsforafairlyhigherratioofpowersupplybutitsnuclearpowerisfarbelowtheworldaveragelevelof15%.stotalutilizationofrenewableenergiesranksamongthehighestintheworldwhileitsrelativeintensity1remainsattheworldsmedium-highlevelIn2005~2006,Chinasinvestmentinrenewableenergieswasabout6billiondollars,,Chinasutilizationofrenewableenergies(excludingtherenewableenergiesutilizedinthetraditionalway)accountedforabout13%oftheworldtotal,and%,Chinaranksfirstintheworldinutilizingsolarenergywaterheatersandmethanegenerationanditsproductioncapacityofbiomassliquidfuelsexceeds1milliontons,,China,rankingfifthintheworld;Chinasprod~,whichwas16%oftheworldtotalandnextonlytotheEuropeanUnionandJapan(China-BritainSummitonSolarEnergy:SolarBatteriesExpectedtoEnterLow-CostEra,http:///html/Dir/2008/03/06/15/61/)(Table2).Table2InternationalComparisonofChinasDevelopmentofMainRenewableEnergiesostandardizethepurchaseofdrugsbymedicalinstitutionswasfir,thousandsofpharmaceuticalmanufacturersandsellershadtopayunder-tab,drugprovidersneededtonegotiateonebyonewithm,allprovincesandcitiesundersurveypromulgsarenotstrictlyobservedinpracticeandtheyneedtopayunder-tablemoneywhensellingdrugstomedicalinstitutions,medicalinstitutionsholdthatafterthegovernmentagenciesorganizeCentralizedPurchaseofDrugs,,thecateg,representativesfromhospitalsbelievethattheCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsreducesthepublicdenouncementrelatedtohighdrugpricestowardmedicalinstitutionsanddoctorsbecausehospitalsarenowpurchasingdrugsatthepricesthatwinthebid(orthepricesthatarepublishedviainternet).2TheuseofinformationsysteminthepharmaceuticalindustryhasbeenfacilitatedInChinathepharmaceuticalindustryiscomposedofdrugmanufacturers,drugsellers,medicalinstitutions,,insomelocalitiesrelatedgovernmentaldepartmentsar,informationsystemhasbeenrapidlyestablishedandenforcedinmedicalinstitutions,dhelpcontain,monitorandpunishthosefly-by-nightcompaniesThispositivee,theCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsPolicycancontributeintheseaspects:(1)Thechannelsfordrugcirculationhavebeenclearly-definedTheprovincesundersurveyhavemostlypublishedprovisionsaboutthechann,alldrugsthatwinthebidshouldgothroughthe"twoinvoicesregulation"practice,butorsandanotherinvoiceisissuedwhendrugdistributorsselldrugstomedicalinstitutions.(2)TheCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsPolicyhelptocontain"drugbrokers"andthosefly-by-nightcompanies"Drugbrokers"usuallybuydrugsfrommanufacturersatbottomp,,theprofitabilityof"drugbrokers",fly-by-nightcompanieshaveonecommonfeadrugtransactionbyinspectingauthorities.(3)ThePolicyincreasestheconcentrationofmarketinsomelocalitiesForexample,therewere500to600drugdispensingcompan,thetoptendispensingcompaniesoccupyabout80%,thestate-holdingcompaniesdistributed10%ofalldrugsandthegrossprofitratewas9-10%.In2007,state-holdingcompaniesdistributed20%ofdrugsandthegrossprofitratewasbroughtdownto5-6%.Especiallythelow-profit,low-va,theconcentrationofmarketisnotexplicit.。

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